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      Study on HPV vaccine hesitation and associated factors among female college students in Weifang

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          Abstract

          Objective To investigate HPV vaccine hesitation and associated factors among female college students in Weifang, and to provide a suggestions for improving the coverage rate of HPV vaccine among female college students.

          Methods The questionnaire of HPV vaccine hesitancy of female college students was designed. By adopting the stratified sampling method, the survey was conducted among female students at one medical university and three nonmedical universities in Weifang. Chi-square test and Logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of vaccine hesitation.

          Results Female college students who had high risk perception toward vaccine ( OR = 4.15, 95% CI = 1.55–11.10) and those who were angry about the sideeffects of the vaccine ( OR = 3.63, 95% CI = 1.95-6.75) were hesitate to vaccinate against HPV. Female college students who believed long protection period of HPV vaccine ( OR = 0.08, 95% CI =0.04-0.17), that women had a high probability of cervical cancer ( OR = 0.44, = 0.21-0.90) and that the knowledge of HPV vaccine scored >6 ( OR = 0.31, 95% CI =0.15-0.67) were more likely to receive HPV vaccine.

          Conclusion High risk perception of vaccines and anger at vaccine adverse reactions are important factors affecting HPV vaccines for female college students. Our findings call for strategic role of the state, school-based health education as well as medical professional guidance in lowering HPV vaccination hesitation among fenale college sutdents.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 调査潍坊市女大学生人乳头瘤病毒 (HPV) 疫苗接种犹豫现状及其影响因素, 为提髙女大学生 HPV 疫苗 接种率提供对策建议。 方法 采用分层随机抽样的方法, 抽取潍坊市 1 所医学院校和 3 所非医学院校 408 名女大学生, 使 用“女大学生 HPV 疫苗犹豫调査问卷”进行调査, 使用妒检验和 Logistic 回归分析探究疫苗接种犹豫的影响因素。 结果 认为疫苗风险感知髙 ( OR = 4.15,95% CI =1.55~11.10) 和对疫苗不良反应感到愤怒的女大学生 ( OR = 3.63,95% CI =1.95~ 6.75) 会对接种 HPV 疫苗产生犹豫;而认为 HPV 疫苗保护期长 ( OR = 0.08,95% CI =0.04~0.17)、认为女性患宫颈癌的可能 性大 ( OR = 0.44,95% CI =0.21~0.90)和 HPV 疫苗认知得分 >6 分的女大学生 ( OR = 0.31, 95% CI =0.15~0.67) 会选择接种 HPV 疫苗。 结论 疫苗风险感知髙和对疫苗不良反应感到愤怒是影响女大学生 HPV 疫苗接种犹豫的重要因素。需要国 家发挥战略导向作用, 学校发挥教育作用, 医务人员发挥引导作用, 降低女大学生对接种 HPV 疫苗的犹豫。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 February 2021
          01 February 2021
          : 42
          : 2
          : 257-259
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Management, Weifang Medical University, Weifang (261053), Shandong Province, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: HUANG Dongmei, E-mail: hdongm@ 123456126.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.02.024
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.02.024
          3c3b76c0-e1eb-41db-b043-1a12003fcc63
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Regression analysis,Female,Papillomavirus vaccines,Students,Vaccination

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