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      Emergence of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Life expectancy, Primordial prevention, Cardiovascular diseases, Coronary heart disease, Developing countries

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          Abstract

          Developing countries are subject to the same risks that have contributed to the high incidence of cardiovascular diseases in the already developed countries. Improvements in life expectancy at birth lead to predictable shifts in the cause-of-death structure over time. The stage at which cardiovascular diseases may be considered to be ‘actively emerging’ corresponds to a life expectancy level between 50 and 60 years and, at this level, cardiovascular disease mortality accounts for 15–25% of all deaths. The average life expectancy at birth in developing countries for the year 2000 is projected to be 60 years or more and it may be expected that by that time cardiovascular diseases would be actively emerging or established in virtually every country. In many developing countries today, life-style pattern that is associated with high rates of coronary heart disease is not yet widespread and it is therefore logical that a strategy of prevention should include efforts to inhibit the entrenchment and spread of unhealthy life-styles in the community (i.e., primordial prevention). At the country level, cardiovascular disease prevention and control cannot be considered in isolation and must be related to prevailing national health priorities and competing claims from other sectors of development. In poorer countries where life expectancy is below 50 years primordial prevention activities are likely to be restricted – perhaps to smoking and hypertension control. In middle-income countries a broader based approach to primordial prevention is feasible and is more likely to be acceptable.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1988
          1988
          11 November 2008
          : 75
          : 1
          : 56-64
          Affiliations
          Cardiovascular Diseases Unit, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
          Article
          174349 Cardiology 1988;75:56–64
          10.1159/000174349
          3342425
          © 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Prevention

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