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      NO SÓLO DE MERCADO VIVE LA DEMOCRACIA El fenómeno del (in)cumplimiento del derecho y su relación con el desarrollo, la justicia y la democracia Translated title: DEMOCRACY NOT ONLY LIVES ON MARKETS The non compliance of the law and its relation with development, justice and democracy

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          Abstract

          Este artículo analiza el fenómeno del incumplimiento del derecho en América Latina y, particularmente, en Colombia. Su hilo conductor es el contraste entre dos visiones opuestas: la visión de la estrategia, que lo concibe como una consecuencia de la falta de capacidad institucional para imponer sanciones efectivas; y la visión de la rebeldía, que lo explica como una expresión de los valores o de la ideología. El artículo examina las fuentes doctrinales de la visión de la estrategia -las teorías del capital social, los estudios de Derecho y economía y el neoinstitucionalismo-, su recepción en nuestro medio y su aplicación en el ámbito de la reforma judicial. Este examen crítico pone de relieve las diferencias analíticas entre estas dos visiones y sus implicaciones en el campo de la justicia y los derechos sociales: ambas son parciales aunque tienen una parte de la verdad. El cumplimiento del derecho no se logra únicamente mediante la imposición de sanciones e incentivos y tampoco promoviendo unilateralmente una actitud favorable al cumplimiento de las normas. El comportamiento racional debe ser complementado con la percepción de legitimidad de las instituciones. El mercado y la democracia son igualmente indispensables en un Estado de derecho.

          Translated abstract

          This article analyzes the non compliance of the law in Latin America , particularly in Colombia . The core of the paper is the contrast between two different approaches: the strategic vision which argues that this failure is a consequence of the lack of institutional capacity to impose effective penalties; and the rebellion vision, which explains the failure as an expression of values or ideologies. The article examines the doctrinal roots related with the strategic vision - the social capital theories, studies in Law and economics and the new institutionalism - their reception in our environment and their application in the context of the judicial reform. This critical examination highlights the analytical differences between these two visions and their implications in the justice system and the social law: even though both visions are partial, each one of them is partly true. Compliance of law can not be achieved only by imposing sanctions and incentives, or by promoting a unilateral favorer attitude for compliance of the law. Rational behavior must also be complemented by the perception of the legitimacy of the institutions. Market and the democracy are both equally essential for the existence of a Rule of law.

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          Most cited references 137

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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad Nacional de Colombia Colombia
                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                s_rei
                Revista de Economía Institucional
                Rev. Econ. Inst.
                Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Economía (Bogotá )
                0124-5996
                June 2004
                : 6
                : 10
                : 95-134
                S0124-59962004000100005

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Colombia

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