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      The Insulin-Like Growth Factor System in Kidney Diseases

      a , b , a

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      IGF-I, IGFBPs, Renal development, Chronic renal failure, Nephritic syndrome

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          Abstract

          The insulin-like growth factor system is intimately involved in renal development, growth, function and the pathophysiology of several disease states. Exogenous IGF-I increases GFR and RPF, perhaps mediated by nitric oxide (NO). In chronic renal failure, IGF-I, the binding proteins and their fragments decrease bioavailability. After transplantation, the levels of bioactive IGF-I increase likely due to better nutrition and increased clearance of the binding proteins and their fragments. In the nephritic syndrome, a similar mechanism may be active, in that the binding proteins and their fragments may inhibit IGF-I action.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins: New Proteins, New Functions

          The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs), and IGFBP proteases regulate somatic growth and cellular proliferation both in vivo and in vitro. IGFs are potent mitogens whose actions are determined by the availability of free IGFs to interact with IGF receptors. IGFBPs comprise a family of six proteins that bind IGFs with high affinity and specificity and thereby regulate IGF-dependent actions. IGFBPs have recently emerged as IGF-independent regulators of cell growth. Cleavage of IGFBPs by specific proteases modulate levels of free IGFs and IGFBPs and thereby their actions. IGFBP-related proteins (IGFBP-rPs) bind IGFs with low affinity and also play important roles in cell growth and differentiation. The GH-IGF-IGFBP axis is complex and powerful. Future research on its physiology promises exciting insights into cell biology as well as therapies for diseases such as cancer and diabetes mellitus.
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            Pathophysiologic Glomerulotubular Growth Factor Link

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              2001
              2001
              24 August 2001
              : 89
              : 1
              : 5-9
              Affiliations
              Divisions of aPediatric Endocrinology and bPediatric Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, Va., USA
              Article
              46035 Nephron 2001;89:5–9
              10.1159/000046035
              11528224
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Tables: 1, References: 43, Pages: 5
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46035
              Categories
              Distinguished Scientists Lecture Series<br>Section Editors: Chan, J.C.M.; Krieg, R.J., Jr.; Scheinmann, J.I. (Richmond, Va.)

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