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      Bright Side of Lignin Depolymerization: Toward New Platform Chemicals

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          Abstract

          Lignin, a major component of lignocellulose, is the largest source of aromatic building blocks on the planet and harbors great potential to serve as starting material for the production of biobased products. Despite the initial challenges associated with the robust and irregular structure of lignin, the valorization of this intriguing aromatic biopolymer has come a long way: recently, many creative strategies emerged that deliver defined products via catalytic or biocatalytic depolymerization in good yields. The purpose of this review is to provide insight into these novel approaches and the potential application of such emerging new structures for the synthesis of biobased polymers or pharmacologically active molecules. Existing strategies for functionalization or defunctionalization of lignin-based compounds are also summarized. Following the whole value chain from raw lignocellulose through depolymerization to application whenever possible, specific lignin-based compounds emerge that could be in the future considered as potential lignin-derived platform chemicals.

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          Most cited references 531

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            The catalytic valorization of lignin for the production of renewable chemicals.

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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                []Stratingh Institute for Chemistry, University of Groningen , Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
                Author notes
                Journal
                Chem Rev
                Chem. Rev
                cr
                chreay
                Chemical Reviews
                American Chemical Society
                0009-2665
                1520-6890
                16 January 2018
                24 January 2018
                : 118
                : 2 , Sustainable Chemistry
                : 614-678
                29337543 5785760 10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00588
                Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society

                This is an open access article published under a Creative Commons Non-Commercial No Derivative Works (CC-BY-NC-ND) Attribution License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article, and creation of adaptations, all for non-commercial purposes.

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                Review
                Custom metadata
                cr7b00588
                cr-2017-00588d

                Chemistry

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