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Bright Side of Lignin Depolymerization: Toward New Platform Chemicals

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      Abstract

      Lignin, a major component of lignocellulose, is the largest source of aromatic building blocks on the planet and harbors great potential to serve as starting material for the production of biobased products. Despite the initial challenges associated with the robust and irregular structure of lignin, the valorization of this intriguing aromatic biopolymer has come a long way: recently, many creative strategies emerged that deliver defined products via catalytic or biocatalytic depolymerization in good yields. The purpose of this review is to provide insight into these novel approaches and the potential application of such emerging new structures for the synthesis of biobased polymers or pharmacologically active molecules. Existing strategies for functionalization or defunctionalization of lignin-based compounds are also summarized. Following the whole value chain from raw lignocellulose through depolymerization to application whenever possible, specific lignin-based compounds emerge that could be in the future considered as potential lignin-derived platform chemicals.

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            []Stratingh Institute for Chemistry, University of Groningen , Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
            Author notes
            Journal
            Chem Rev
            Chem. Rev
            cr
            chreay
            Chemical Reviews
            American Chemical Society
            0009-2665
            1520-6890
            16 January 2018
            24 January 2018
            : 118
            : 2 , Sustainable Chemistry
            : 614-678
            29337543
            5785760
            10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00588
            Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society

            This is an open access article published under a Creative Commons Non-Commercial No Derivative Works (CC-BY-NC-ND) Attribution License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article, and creation of adaptations, all for non-commercial purposes.

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            Review
            Custom metadata
            cr7b00588
            cr-2017-00588d

            Chemistry

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