Blog
About

3
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Intron 4 Polymorphism Influences the Progression of Renal Disease

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Background/Aim: Nitric oxide is a potent regulator of intrarenal hemodynamics and may influence the renal function. We investigated whether polymorphism of intron 4 of the endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) gene is related to the progression of chronic renal failure. Methods: Polymorphism of ecNOS intron 4 was studied in 1,005 hemodialysis patients (710 with nondiabetic nephropathy and 295 with diabetic nephropathy) and was compared with the findings in 189 healthy subjects. ecNOS genotypes were determined by the polymerase chain reaction, followed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Results: The frequencies of ecNOS4a/a, ecNOS4a/b, and ecNOS4b/b genotypes were, respectively, 0% (0/189), 13.8% (26/189), and 86.2% (163/189) in the control group; 1.7% (12/710), 22.1% (157/710), and 76.2% (541/710) in the nondiabetic nephropathy group, and 1.0% (3/295), 22.7% (67/295), and 76.3% (225/295) in the diabetic nephropathy group. The frequency of ecNOS4a (ecNOSa/a and ecNOSa/b) was significantly higher in both the nondiabetic group and in the diabetic group than in the controls (p = 0.0025 and p = 0.0438, respectively). Conclusion: There was a significantly higher frequency of the a allele of intron 4 in both nondiabetic and diabetic hemodialysis patients, so the polymorphism of intron 4 of the ecNOS gene may have a wide influence on the progression of renal disease.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 7

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Hypertension in mice lacking the gene for endothelial nitric oxide synthase.

          Nitric oxide (NO), a potent vasodilator produced by endothelial cells, is thought to be the endothelium-dependent relaxing factor (EDRF) which mediates vascular relaxation in response to acetylcholine, bradykinin and substance P in many vascular beds. NO has been implicated in the regulation of blood pressure and regional blood flow, and also affects vascular smooth-muscle proliferation and inhibits platelet aggregation and leukocyte adhesion. Abnormalities in endothelial production of NO occur in atherosclerosis, diabetes and hypertension. Pharmacological blockade of NO production with arginine analogues such as L-nitroarginine (L-NA) or L-N-arginine methyl ester affects multiple isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and so cannot distinguish their physiological roles. To study the role of endothelial NOS (eNOS) in vascular function, we disrupted the gene encoding eNOS in mice. Endothelium-derived relaxing factor activity, as assayed by acetylcholine-induced relaxation, is absent, and the eNOS mutant mice are hypertensive. Thus eNOS mediates basal vasodilation. Responses to NOS blockade in the mutant mice suggest that non-endothelial isoforms of NOS may be involved in maintaining blood pressure.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            NO at work

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Gene structure, polymorphism and mapping of the human endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene.

              Endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF)/nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from L-Arginine by the endothelial, constitutive, NO synthase. No facilitate genetic studies, we have cloned the human endothelial NO synthase gene and determined its structure. The gene is composed of 26 exons, ranging from 68 to 579 bp and spans 22 kb. We determined the transcription start point using human lung mRNA. No TATA-box was found at the expected distance from the transcription start point and several consensus sequences for transcription factors, including a shear-stress responsive element were identified in the 5'-flanking region. A highly polymorphic (CA) repeat within intron 13 was studied, allowing the precise genetic mapping of the gene to chromosome 7, within a 4 cM interval delimited by genethon markers AFM199Zd4 and AFM074Xg5.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                2001
                2001
                05 September 2001
                : 89
                : 2
                : 219-223
                Affiliations
                2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Hiroshima, Japan
                Article
                46071 Nephron 2001;89:219–223
                10.1159/000046071
                11549906
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 2, References: 20, Pages: 5
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46071
                Categories
                Short Communication

                Comments

                Comment on this article