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      EFFECT OF GREEN ROOF AGE ON RUNOFF WATER QUALITY IN PORTLAND, OREGON

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          Abstract

          Green roofs have become a common method to increase water retention on-site in urban areas. However, the long-term water quality of runoff from green roofs is poorly understood. This study evaluated the water quality of stormwater runoff from a regular (non-vegetated) roof, a green roof installed 6 months previously, and a green roof installed 6 years ago in Portland, Oregon. Samples of runoff were taken during every rain event for 10 months, and analyzed for total phosphorus (TP), phosphate ( ), total nitrogen (TN), nitrate ( ), ammonia (NH 3), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn). Runoff from the green roofs had higher concentrations of TP and and lower concentrations of Zn compared to the regular roof. Average TP concentrations from the 6-year old roof and 6-month old roof were 6.3 and 14.6 times higher, respectively, than concentrations from the regular roof, and average concentrations from the 6-year old roof and 6-month old roof were 13.5 and 26.6 times higher, respectively, compared to the regular roof. Runoff from the 6-month old green roof had higher concentrations of TP and than the 6-year old green roof during the wet season, but lower concentrations during the dry season. The 6-month old green roof installations where receiving waters are sensitive or impaired may need additional treatment methods to reduce phosphorus levels. As green roofs age, water retention decreases and phosphorus leaching increases during the dry season.

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          Most cited references 26

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          “Green Roof Vegetation for North American Ecoregions: A Literature Review”

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            “Green roofs (Greenroofs)—A More Sustainable Infrastructure.”

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jgrb
                Journal of Green Building
                College Publishing
                1552-6100
                1943-4618
                1943-4618
                Spring 2018
                : 13
                : 2
                : 42-54
                Author notes

                1. University of Portland, Shiley School of Engineering, 5000 N Willamette Blvd, Portland, OR 97203

                ( *corresponding author poor@ 123456up.edu )

                2. Lewis and Clark College, Department of Environmental Studies, 0615 S.W. Palatine Hill Rd, Portland, OR 97219

                3. University of Portland, Department of Environmental Studies, Buckley Center 213, 5000 N Willamette Blvd, Portland, OR 97203

                Article
                jgb.13.2.42
                10.3992/1943-4618.13.2.42
                © 2018 College Publishing
                Page count
                Pages: 13
                Product
                Categories
                RESEARCH ARTICLES

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