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      Acute Renal Failure after Cardiothoracic Surgery: A Review of Three Years Experience

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          2,683 cardiothoracic operations were carried out over a 3-year period. Patients requiring haemofiltration after surgery had a much greater mortality than those not haemofiltered. Of the 1,177 cardiothoracic intensive care unit (ICU) patients, 91 required haemofiltration for acute renal failure (ARF; 7.7%). Of the 1,506 cardiothoracic high-dependency unit patients 13 were transferred to the renal unit for dialysis (0.86%). Mortality for cardiothoracic patients overall was 14.4% and for those who required haemofiltration 58.7%. 74 of these haemofiltered patients had normal renal function preoperatively; mortality 61%. 15 patients had pre-existing renal impairment; mortality 53.3%. 15 patients were on dialysis prior to surgery; mortality 60%. Age was not a predictor of requirement for renal replacement therapy or of mortality. Operation type was a risk factor for ARF: of patients having a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) 2.4% were filtered (mortality 37.8%), of patients having valve replacements 14.2% were haemofiltered (mortality 60.9%), and of the patients having redo-CABGs or redo-valve replacements 12.3% required haemofiltration (mortality 100%).

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          Early and intensive continuous hemofiltration for severe renal failure after cardiac surgery.

          The aim of this study was to test whether early and intensive use of continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) achieved a better than predicted outcome in patients with severe acute renal failure undergoing cardiac operations, and whether a simple and yet accurate model could be developed to predict their outcome before starting CVVH. Medical record analysis with collection of demographic, clinical, and outcome information was used. Sixty-five consecutive patients were treated with early and intensive CVVH (mean operation to CVVH time, 2.38 days; pump-controlled ultrafiltration rate, 2 L/h) after coronary artery bypass grafting (56.9%), single valve procedure (16.9%), or combined operations (26.2%). In 32.3% of patients, intraaortic balloon counterpulsation was required and 20% of patients were emergencies. Sustained hypotension despite inotropic and vasopressor support occurred in 40% of patients and prolonged mechanical ventilation in 58.5%. Using an outcome prediction score specific for acute renal failure, the predicted risk of death was 66%. Actual mortality was 40% (p = 0.003). Using multivariate logistic regression analysis and neural network analysis, patient outcome could be predicted with good levels of accuracy (receiver operating characteristic 0.89 and 0.9, respectively). Early and aggressive CVVH is associated with better than predicted survival in severe acute renal failure after cardiac operations. Using readily available clinical data, the outcome of such patients can be predicted before the implementation of CVVH.

            Author and article information

            Blood Purif
            Blood Purification
            S. Karger AG
            27 February 2002
            : 20
            : 3
            : 293-295
            Department of Renal Medicine, Middlesex Hospital, London, UK
            47023 Blood Purif 2002;20:293–295
            © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

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            Page count
            Tables: 2, References: 5, Pages: 3
            Self URI (application/pdf):
            Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on CRRT


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