With the growing apprehension about ecology and economics, the composite materials based on low-cost lignocellulosic biomass have generated a great interest of research. In this paper, a polymer composite has been developed using specific grade epoxy matrix and “particular micron size” bamboo filler and its different mechanical properties have been investigated. The mechanical properties were determined with a variation in different constraints like filler content, strain rate, temperature and chemical treatment to establish the applicability of the developed composite. From the results, it has been found that the static and dynamic mechanical properties of the developed composite are significantly influenced by the different parameters. The scanning electron micrographs demonstrated the even dispersion of particulate fillers in the matrix, agglomeration at higher filler loading and better adhesion due to alkali treatment. Also, the properties are comparable with the existing different bamboo based composite.