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      The Involvement of Girls and Boys with Bullying: An Analysis of Gender Differences

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          Abstract

          This exploratory and cross-sectional study aimed to identify the prevalence of bullying in a group of students and analyze the data regarding the gender of those involved in the violence. A questionnaire adapted from Olweus was applied in seven elementary education schools in Portugal. The sample consisted of 387 students between 7 and 14 years old. Data are presented in terms of descriptive statistics and differences between proportions were analyzed using chi-square tests. The gender analysis of victimization and aggression shows that boys and girls are both victims and aggressors, and there are significant differences in involvement in bullying between genders and the roles played. Boys are victims more often when considering different types of bullying, although significant differences were only found for physical aggression. Strategies that include gender roles are a priority for prevention and careful attention to this phenomenon in the school context. The questions addressed contribute to a broader understanding of the phenomenon, emphasizing the differential participation of boys and girls in bullying.

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          Most cited references 18

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          A review of research on bullying and peer victimization in school: An ecological system analysis

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            ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN SCHOOL BULLYING AND PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS

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              Prevalence and Incidence in the Study of Antisocial Behavior: Definitions and Measurements

               Dan Olweus (1989)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                ijerph
                International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
                MDPI
                1661-7827
                1660-4601
                05 December 2013
                December 2013
                : 10
                : 12
                : 6820-6831
                Affiliations
                [1 ]University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, WHO Collaborating Centre for Nursing Research Development, Ribeirão Preto 14040-902, Brazil; E-Mail: wanderleio@ 123456usp.br
                [2 ]Institute of Education, University of Minho, Braga 4710-057, Portugal; E-Mail: beatriz@ 123456ie.uminho.pt
                [3 ]Institute of Biomedical Science Abel Salazar, University of Porto, Porto 4050-313, Portugal; E-Mail: dvmendon@ 123456icbas.up.pt
                [4 ]Bragança Sub-Health Region, Bragança 3501-862, Portugal; E-Mail: bnunes786@ 123456gmail.com
                Author notes
                [†]

                These authors contributed equally to this work.

                [* ] Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: maiossi@ 123456eerp.usp.br ; Tel.: +55-16-3602-3391; Fax: +55-16-3602-0518.
                Article
                ijerph-10-06820
                10.3390/ijerph10126820
                3881143
                24317387
                © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

                This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

                Categories
                Article

                Public health

                school health services, bullying, public health

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