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      Rapid Responses to Steroid Hormones in the Kidney

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          Abstract

          Rapid signalling responses stimulated by steroid hormones have been detected in various tissues including the nephron. The significance of these responses in modulating the physiological effects elicited by mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids and the reproductive hormones in the kidney is now becoming more evident. This review outlines how rapid signalling responses stimulated by these hormones are coupled to the regulation of membrane transport targets that impact upon the reabsorptive and excretory functions of the kidney.

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          Most cited references 49

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          Transcription in four dimensions: nuclear receptor-directed initiation of gene expression.

          Regulated gene expression, achieved through the coordinated assembly of transcription factors, co-regulators and the basal transcription machinery on promoters, is an initial step in accomplishing cell specificity and homeostasis. Traditional models of transcriptional regulation tend to be static, although gene expression profiles change with time to adapt to developmental and environmental cues. Furthermore, biochemical and structural studies have determined that initiation of transcription progresses through a series of ordered events. By integrating time into the analysis of transcription, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays and live-cell imaging techniques have revealed the dynamic, cooperative, functionally redundant and cyclical nature of gene expression. In this review, we present a dynamic model of gene transcription that integrates data obtained by these two techniques.
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            Protein kinase D regulates basolateral membrane protein exit from trans-Golgi network.

            Protein kinase D (PKD) binds to diacylglycerol (DAG) in the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and is activated by trimeric G-protein subunits beta gamma. This complex then regulates the formation of transport carriers in the TGN that traffic to the plasma membrane in non-polarized cells. Here we report specificity of different PKD isoforms in regulating protein trafficking from the TGN. Kinase-inactive forms of PKD1, PKD2 and PKD3 localize to the TGN in polarized and non-polarized cells. PKD activity is required only for the transport of proteins containing basolateral sorting information, and seems to be cargo specific.
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              sgkIs an Aldosterone-induced Kinase in the Renal Collecting Duct

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEP
                Nephron Physiol
                10.1159/issn.1660-2137
                Nephron Physiology
                S. Karger AG
                1660-2137
                2007
                September 2007
                19 July 2007
                : 107
                : 1
                : p1-p9
                Affiliations
                Department of Molecular Medicine, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Education and Research Centre, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Republic of Ireland
                Article
                106099 Nephron Physiol 2007;107:p1–p9
                10.1159/000106099
                17641544
                © 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, References: 84, Pages: 1
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