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      Hormonal Regulation of Postnatal Growth in Children Born Small for Gestational Age

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          Abstract

          Children born small for gestational age (SGA) are at high risk of permanent short stature, with approximately 10% continuing to have stature below the third centile throughout childhood and adolescence and into adulthood. The mechanisms involved in catch-up growth, and those that prevent catch-up growth, are still unknown. To date, no reliable anthropometric or endocrine parameter predictive of postnatal catch-up growth has been identified. However, subtle abnormalities in the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor axis, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and thyroid function have been described, and a mechanism involving intrauterine programming of hypothalamic-pituitary function has been proposed.

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          Most cited references 17

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          Intrauterine growth retardation and postnatal growth failure associated with deletion of the insulin-like growth factor I gene.

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            Insulin-like growth factors and their binding proteins: biological actions

             J Jones (1995)
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              Maternal and environmental influences on the adrenocortical response to stress in weanling rats.

              Handling rat pups either for 10 or 20 days after birth resulted in a reduction of adrenocortical steroids in the plasma at weaning after the pups were exposed to novel stimuli as compared with controls that were not handled. Nonhandled offspring of mothers which had been handled in infancy also show a reduction in plasma steroids in response to novel stimuli when compared to nonhandled weanling rats of nonhandled mothers. Handling of the offspring when they are infants appears to counteract the influence of the experience of the mother during her infancy.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                978-3-8055-8117-2
                978-3-318-01345-0
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2006
                April 2006
                10 April 2006
                : 65
                : Suppl 3
                : 70-74
                Affiliations
                ‘Rina Balducci’ Centre of Paediatric Endocrinology, Department of Public Health and Cell Biology, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy
                Article
                91509 Horm Res 2006;65:70–74
                10.1159/000091509
                16612117
                © 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, References: 30, Pages: 5
                Categories
                Early Postnatal Growth

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