Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Mortality and Risk Indicators for Death during Five Years after Acute Myocardial Infarction among Patients With and Without ST Elevation on Admission Electrocardiogram

      , , ,

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Electrocardiogram, Acute myocardial infarction, Prognosis

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          We related observations in the electrocardiogram (ECG) on admission to hospital among consecutive patients hospitalized in one single hospital with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and related the prognosis during the following 5 years to these observations. Results: Of 863 patients, 63% had ECG signs of myocardial ischemia, but only 41% had ST elevation on ED admission. Patients with ST elevation had a 5-year mortality of 44% as compared with 58% in patients without ST elevation (p < 0.001). Patients with the highest mortality were those with a pathologic ECG including signs of previous AMI, bundle branch block and pacemaker ECG, but with no ECG sign of acute ischemia. Patients with the lowest mortality were those with a nonpathologic ECG on admission. Conclusion: Among consecutive patients hospitalized with AMI, less than half had ST elevation on admission to hospital. These patients had a lower mortality during 5 years of follow-up than patients without ST elevation.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 4

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          A comparison of immediate angioplasty with thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction. The Primary Angioplasty in Myocardial Infarction Study Group.

          The success of thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction is limited by bleeding complications, the impossibility of reperfusing all occluded coronary arteries, recurrent myocardial ischemia, and the relatively small number of patients who are appropriate candidates for this therapy. We hypothesized that these problems could be overcome by the use of immediate percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), without previous thrombolytic therapy. At 12 clinical centers, 395 patients who presented within 12 hours of the onset of myocardial infarction were treated with intravenous heparin and aspirin and then randomly assigned to undergo immediate PTCA (without previous thrombolytic therapy, 195 patients) or to receive intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA, 200 patients) followed by conservative care. Radionuclide ventriculography was performed to assess ventricular function within 24 hours and at six weeks. Among the patients randomly assigned to PTCA, 90 percent underwent the procedure; the success rate was 97 percent, and no patient required emergency coronary-artery bypass surgery. The in-hospital mortality rates in the t-PA and PTCA groups were 6.5 and 2.6 percent, respectively (P = 0.06). In a post hoc analysis, the mortality rates in the subgroups classified as "not low risk" were 10.4 and 2.0 percent, respectively (P = 0.01). Reinfarction or death in the hospital occurred in 12.0 percent of the patients treated with t-PA and 5.1 percent of those treated with PTCA (P = 0.02). Intracranial bleeding occurred more frequently among patients who received t-PA than among those who underwent PTCA (2.0 vs. 0 percent, P = 0.05). The mean (+/- SD) ejection fractions at rest (53 +/- 13 vs. 53 +/- 13 percent) and during exercise (56 +/- 13 vs. 56 +/- 14 percent) were similar in the t-PA and PTCA groups at six weeks. By six months, reinfarction or death had occurred in 32 patients who received t-PA (16.8 percent) and 16 treated with PTCA (8.5 percent, P = 0.02). As compared with t-PA therapy for acute myocardial infarction, immediate PTCA reduced the combined occurrence of nonfatal reinfarction or death, was associated with a lower rate of intracranial hemorrhage, and resulted in similar left ventricular systolic function.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            A comparison of immediate coronary angioplasty with intravenous streptokinase in acute myocardial infarction.

            Despite the widespread use of intravenous thrombolytic therapy and of immediate percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction, randomized comparisons of the two approaches to reperfusion are lacking. We report the results of a prospective, randomized trial comparing immediate coronary angioplasty (without previous thrombolytic therapy) with intravenous streptokinase treatment. A total of 142 patients with acute myocardial infarction were randomly assigned to receive one of the two treatments. The left ventricular ejection fraction was measured by radionuclide scanning before hospital discharge. Quantitative coronary angiography was performed to assess the degree of residual stenosis in the infarct-related arteries. A total of 72 patients were assigned to receive streptokinase and 70 patients to undergo immediate angioplasty. Angioplasty was technically successful in 64 of the 65 patients who underwent the procedure. Infarction recurred in nine patients assigned to receive streptokinase, but in none of those assigned to receive angioplasty (P = 0.003). Fourteen patients in the streptokinase group had unstable angina after their infarction, but only four in the angioplasty group (P = 0.02). The mean (+/- SD) left ventricular ejection fraction as measured before discharge was 45 +/- 12 percent in the streptokinase group and 51 +/- 11 percent in the angioplasty group (P = 0.004). The infarct-related artery was patent in 68 percent of the patients in the streptokinase group and 91 percent of those in the angioplasty group (P = 0.001). Quantitative coronary angiography revealed stenosis of 36 +/- 20 percent of the luminal diameter in the angioplasty group, as compared with 76 +/- 19 percent in the streptokinase group (P < 0.001). Immediate angioplasty after acute myocardial infarction was associated with a higher rate of patency of the infarct-related artery, a less severe residual stenotic lesion, better left ventricular function, and less recurrent myocardial ischemia and infarction than was intravenous streptokinase.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              A randomized trial of propranolol in patients with acute myocardial infarction. I. Mortality results.

              The beta-Blocker Heart Attack Trial (BHAT) was a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-sponsored, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial designed to test whether the regular administration of propranolol hydrochloride to men and women who had experienced at least one myocardial infarction would result in a significant reduction in total mortality during a two- to four-year period. During a 27-month interval, 3,837 persons between the ages of 30 and 69 years were randomized to either propranolol (1,916 persons) or placebo (1,912 persons), five to 21 days after the infarction. Depending on serum drug levels, the prescribed maintenance dose of propranolol hydrochloride was either 180 or 240 mg/day. The trial was stopped nine months ahead of schedule. Total mortality during the average 24-month follow-up period was 7.2% in the propranolol group and 9.8% in the placebo group. Arteriosclerotic heart disease (ASHD) mortality was 6.2% in the propranolol group and 8.5% in the placebo group. Sudden cardiac death, a subset of ASHD mortality, was 3.3% among the propranolol patients and 4.6% among the placebo patients. Serious side effects were uncommon. Hypotension, gastrointestinal problems, tiredness, bronchospasm, and cold hands and feet occurred more frequently in the propranolol group. Based on the BHAT results, the use of propranolol in patients with no contraindications to beta-blockade who have had a recent myocardial infarction is recommended for at least three years.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                1998
                December 1997
                11 December 1997
                : 89
                : 1
                : 33-39
                Affiliations
                Division of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden
                Article
                6741 Cardiology 1998;89:33–39
                10.1159/000006741
                9452155
                © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 4, References: 23, Pages: 7
                Categories
                Coronary Care

                Comments

                Comment on this article