Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Echocardiographic Findings and the Increased Risk of Stroke in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          We studied whether cardiac abnormalities contribute to the increased risk of stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). M-mode and 2D echocardiography were performed in four age- and gender-matched groups: 20 stroke patients with NVAF, 20 patients with NVAF who had not suffered a previous stroke, 20 stroke patients with sinus rhythm, and 40 healthy controls. Their mean age was 77 years. The two groups with atrial fibrillation differed from healthy controls in that they had more 2D-echocardiographic findings of severe left-ventricular-wall-motion abnormalities (p < 0.05) and tended more often to have enlarged left ventricles, and hypertrophic and congestive cardiomyopathy. Left atrial diameter was 47 mm compared to 41 and 39 mm in the two groups with sinus rhythm (p < 0.001). Intracardiac thrombi were only found in the two atrial-fibrillation groups (with stroke: 15 % without stroke: 5%). Aortic sclerosis was common in all groups (30-60%), as was mitral annulus calcification (10-20%). The only significant difference between the two atrial-fibrillation groups was a higher frequency of earlier ischemic heart disease in the stroke group. Both atrial-fibrillation groups had cardiac abnormalities predisposing for embolic as well as thrombotic stroke.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1992
          1992
          14 November 2008
          : 81
          : 4-5
          : 189-195
          Affiliations
          Departments of Medicine, aMariestad Hospital, bSt Goran Hospital, cSabbatsberg Hospital, and dDanderyd Hospital, Sweden
          Article
          175804 Cardiology 1992;81:189–195
          10.1159/000175804
          1301243
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          General Cardiology

          Comments

          Comment on this article