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      Progression of Chronic Renal Failure in a Rat Strain with Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Blood pressure, Chronic renal failure, progression, Lipids, Proteinuria, Unilateral nephrectomy

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          Abstract

          Recently, the existence of a rat strain exhibiting autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD) resembling human PKD has been described. An exact description of the course of chronic renal failure in this strain, however, is still missing. Thus the aim of this study was to analyze the long-term course of renal failure in these rats. In addition, unilateral nephrectomy (UNX) was performed in order to evaluate the impact of UNX on the occurrence of uremia. Our data clearly revealed that 70-80% of all animals of this rat strain developed uremia within 21 months. Additionally, proteinuria and hypercholesterolemia occurred, while the blood pressure was fairly unaffected. Also a slight degree of anemia was noted. In this long-term study death was due to uremia. The median survival time was significantly shorter in UNX PKD (median 11.6 months) than in non-UNX PKD animals (17.0 months; log-rank test: p = 0.001). In conclusion: with respect to renal function this rat model resembles human PKD disease. Furthermore, we could demonstrate that UNX is suitable to accelerate the rate of progression of renal failure in this model.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1994
          1994
          17 December 2008
          : 68
          : 4
          : 462-467
          Affiliations
          Division of Nephrology, University of Heidelberg, Klinikum Mannheim, Germany
          Article
          188308 Nephron 1994;68:462–467
          10.1159/000188308
          7870232
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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