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      Sinus Node and Atrioventricular Nodal Function in 220 Patients Recovering from Acute Myocardial Infarction

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          Sinus node and atriventricular (A-V) nodal functions were evaluated by right atrial pacing in 220 consecutive patients recovering from acute myocardial infarction (AMI), 10–28 days after the infarct (mean = 14 days). In the 188 patients in whom a pacing rate of 120 beats/min could be achieved, sinus node recovery time, corrected sinus node recovery time (CSNRT) and total recovery time were correlated to infarct site and the presence or absence of myocardial ischemia. Sinus node recovery time and total recovery time were significantly longer in patients with inferior (1,153 + 28 and 3,129+179 ms, respectively) or non-Q-wave infarct (1,112 + 28 and 3,730 + 266 ms, respectively), than in patients with anterior infarct (1,044 + 20 and 1,153 + 28 ms, respectively). The parameters were within the reported normal range. When corrected for heart rate (CSNRT), these differences were no longer present. The presence or site of residual ischemia during right atrial pacing did not affect the sinus nodes parameters. A-V nodal function, studied in all 220 patients, was assessed by the appearance of second-degree A-V block at pacing rates below 120 beats/min and by measuring the shortest atrially paced cycle length with 1:1 A-V conduction. Second-degree A-V block appeared at a similar frequency in different AMI locations. Thus, sinus and A-V node functional status in patients recovering from AMI are not affected by infarct site or by the presence or absence of residual myocardial ischemia.

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          Author and article information

          S. Karger AG
          11 November 2008
          : 75
          : 4
          : 274-282
          Heiden Department of Cardiology, Bikur Cholim Hospital, and Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel
          174384 Cardiology 1988;75:274–282
          © 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Pages: 9
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