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      HypE: an algorithm for fast hypervolume-based many-objective optimization.

      1 ,
      Evolutionary computation

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          Abstract

          In the field of evolutionary multi-criterion optimization, the hypervolume indicator is the only single set quality measure that is known to be strictly monotonic with regard to Pareto dominance: whenever a Pareto set approximation entirely dominates another one, then the indicator value of the dominant set will also be better. This property is of high interest and relevance for problems involving a large number of objective functions. However, the high computational effort required for hypervolume calculation has so far prevented the full exploitation of this indicator's potential; current hypervolume-based search algorithms are limited to problems with only a few objectives. This paper addresses this issue and proposes a fast search algorithm that uses Monte Carlo simulation to approximate the exact hypervolume values. The main idea is not that the actual indicator values are important, but rather that the rankings of solutions induced by the hypervolume indicator. In detail, we present HypE, a hypervolume estimation algorithm for multi-objective optimization, by which the accuracy of the estimates and the available computing resources can be traded off; thereby, not only do many-objective problems become feasible with hypervolume-based search, but also the runtime can be flexibly adapted. Moreover, we show how the same principle can be used to statistically compare the outcomes of different multi-objective optimizers with respect to the hypervolume--so far, statistical testing has been restricted to scenarios with few objectives. The experimental results indicate that HypE is highly effective for many-objective problems in comparison to existing multi-objective evolutionary algorithms. HypE is available for download at http://www.tik.ee.ethz.ch/sop/download/supplementary/hype/.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Evol Comput
          Evolutionary computation
          1530-9304
          1063-6560
          2011
          : 19
          : 1
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Computer Engineering and Networks Laboratory, ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland. johannes.bader@tik.ee.ethz.ch
          Article
          10.1162/EVCO_a_00009
          20649424
          3f187529-e6b7-4c36-9d2a-d43fc9495253
          History

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