Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a severe multiorgan hypersensitivity reaction mostly caused by a limited number of eliciting drugs in patients with a genetic predisposition. Patients with DRESS syndrome present with characteristic but variable clinical and pathological features. Reactivation of human herpesviruses (HHV), especially HHV-6, is the hallmark of the disease. Anti-viral immune responses intertwined with drug hypersensitivity make the disease more complicated and protracted. In recent years, emerging studies have outlined the disease more clearly, though several important questions remain unresolved. In this review, we provide an overview of DRESS syndrome, including clinical presentations, histopathological features, pathomechanisms, and treatments.