A study was carried out in 10 patients with multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies to determine the response of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and prolactin (PRL) to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and their suppressibility by treatment with triiodothyronine (T<sub>3</sub>) given at a dose of 60 µg/day for 1 week. In 3 patients the basal TSH values were normal and in 7 patients, 2 of whom had not received regular thyroid replacement therapy, they were elevated. The response of TSH to TRH was normal in 6 patients and exaggerated in 4 (of these, 1 patient had not received previous substitution therapy and 2 had received only irregular treatment). The basal and stimulated levels of TSH were markedly suppressed by the treatment with T<sub>3</sub>. The basal PRL levels were normal in 7 and slightly elevated in 3 patients. The response of PRL to TRH stimulation was exaggerated in 2, normal in 6 and absent in 2 patients. The basal PRL levels were not suppressible by T<sub>3</sub> treatment but in 4 patients this treatment reduced the PRL response to TRH stimulation. From these findings the following conclusions are drawn: (1) T<sub>3</sub> suppresses TSH at the pituitary level, and (2) the hyperreactivity of TSH to TRH and the low set point of suppressibility are probably due to a lack of TRH in the type of patients studied.