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      Effects of Intravenous Disopyramide on Coronary Hemodynamics and Vasodilator Reserve in Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy

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          Abstract

          Disopyramide reduces the subaortic pressure gradients and improves the clinical symptoms of patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Changes in coronary hemodynamics and vasodilator reserve in response to this agent have not been evaluated in such patients. To assess the acute effects of intravenous administration of disopyramide on coronary hemodynamics, microvascular dilatory capacity, and balance between myocardial oxygen supply and demand in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, we examined 12 patients using an intravascular Doppler catheter and spectral analysis. Intravenous disopyramide 100 mg over 10 min caused mild increases in heart rate and aortic systolic pressure and a significant fall in left ventricular systolic pressure, resulting in a 13% decrease in the product of heart rate and left ventricular systolic pressure (from 1.13 ± 0.18 × 10<sup>4</sup> before disopyramide to 0.98 ± 0.17 × 10<sup>4</sup>beats/min × mm Hg 10 min afterwards; p < 0.05) and a reduction in the resting peak systolic pressure gradients of the left ventricular outflow tract. There was a 14% reduction in coronary blood flow (from 93.5 ± 13.2 to 80.3+ 11.6ml/min; p < 0.05) with an increase in coronary resistance (from 0.94 ± 0.16 to 1.23 ± 0.21 mm Hg/ml/min; p < 0.001). The index of coronary vasodilator reserve remained unchanged. These findings suggest that intravenous disopyramide causes a coronary vasoconstrictive effect without significantly changing the coronary microvascular dilatory capacity, but this effect may not be harmful to the balance between myocardial oxygen supply and demand in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1996
          1996
          19 November 2008
          : 87
          : 1
          : 6-11
          Affiliations
          First Department of Internal Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan
          Article
          177052 Cardiology 1996;87:6–11
          10.1159/000177052
          8631046
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          General Cardiology

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