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      Introduction of pasteurized/raw cow's milk during the second semester of life as a risk factor of type 1 diabetes mellitus in school children and adolescents Translated title: Introducción de leche entera pasteurizada/no pasteurizada de vaca en el segundo semestre de la vida y riesgo de diabetes mellitus tipo 1 en escolares y adolescentes

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          Abstract

          Objective: to demonstrate that type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in school children and adolescents is associated with the early introduction of pasteurized/raw cow's milk in the second semester of life. Material and methods: this non-probabilistic study included 150 subjects (75 patients and 75 controls), divided according to sex and age (range, 6 to 16 years). T1DM was considered to be a dependent variable, and pasteurized/ raw cow's milk (P/RCM) was considered to be an independent variable in the study. The statistical analyses included chi-squared test, odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals. Results: the subjects were 51% male, age 11 ± 3.2 years, and 80% were breastfed, 18% were exclusively breastfed, and 13% received pasteurized/raw cow's milk. The children receiving P/RCM had a higher risk of T1DM [OR, 3.9 (1.2-12.8)]. The presence of T1DM was three times higher in those consuming P/RCM vs. those receiving follow-up formula [RM, 3.2 (1.03-10.07)]. Conclusions: introducing pasteurized/raw cow's milk in the second semester of life increased by four times the likelihood of developing T1DM in children and adolescents.

          Translated abstract

          Objetivo: demostrar que la diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DMT1) en escolares y adolescentes se asocia a una temprana introducción de leche entera pasteurizada/no pasteurizada en el segundo semestre de vida. Material y métodos: en este estudio no probabilístico de casos y controles se incluyeron 150 participantes (75 pacientes y 75 controles), divididos de acuerdo a la edad y el sexo de 6 a 16 años de edad. Se consideró DMT1 como una variable independiente. El análisis estadístico incluyó la prueba de Ji cuadrada y razón de momios con su intervalo de confianza del 95% Resultados: los participantes fueron 51% varones, con edades de 11 ± 3.2 años y el 80% alimentados al pecho materno, 18% en forma exclusiva, y el 13% recibieron leche entera pasteurizada/no pasteurizada. Los niños que recibieron leche entera pasteurizada/no pasteurizada tuvieron un riesgo mayor de DMT1 [OR, 3,9 (1,2-12,8)]. La presencia de DMT1 fue tres veces más elevada en quienes consumieron leche entera pasteurizada/no pasteurizada que en aquellos que recibieron fórmula de seguimiento [RM, 3,2 (1,03-10,07)]. Conclusión: la introducción de leche entera pasteurizada/ no pasteurizada en el segundo semestre de vida incrementó cuatro veces la probabilidad de desarrollo de DMT1 en escolares y adolescentes.

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          Contributors
          Role: ND
          Role: ND
          Role: ND
          Role: ND
          Role: ND
          Role: ND
          Role: ND
          Journal
          nh
          Nutrición Hospitalaria
          Nutr. Hosp.
          Grupo Arán (Madrid, Madrid, Spain )
          0212-1611
          1699-5198
          August 2015
          : 32
          : 2
          : 634-637
          Affiliations
          [02] Guadalajara Jalisco orgnameHospital Civil de Guadalajara México
          [01] Guadalajara Jalisco orgnameUniversidad de Guadalajara orgdiv1Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud orgdiv2Instituto de Nutrición Humana
          Article
          S0212-16112015000800020
          10.3305/nh.2015.32.2.9247
          3f3f7391-260a-4afb-80ff-8a73b9f6b860

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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          Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 0, Pages: 4
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          SciELO Spain


          Leche entera cruda y pasteurizada,Diabetes mellitus tipo 1,Pasteurized/raw cow milk,Type 1 diabetes mellitus

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