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      The Key Determinant Factors for Social Sustainability in Traditional Settlement

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      Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal
      e-IPH Ltd.

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          Abstract

          Successful traditional settlements refer to a settlement environment that spontaneously built by residents who consider their existing site integrates with excellent social sustainability indicators. This study aims to determine the critical factors of physical character for social sustainability of a traditional settlement with the objective to identify the types of physical characteristics deemed as significant in daily social interaction among the locals. To achieve this, a quantitative method was employed using questionnaire survey distributed to 400 residents in two historic settlements, namely Kampung Pulau Duyong and Kampung Losong located at Kuala Terengganu. Both sites are selected due to good conservation practices observed concerning the physical landscape. The results generated from the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) revealed eleven factors (11) related to social sustainability. Such factors then categorised into six latent factors, which are the preservation of local identity, safety, provision of infrastructure, natural qualities, accessibility, and availability of public spaces. The findings recall the relationship between physical aspects and social sustainability as a step towards improvement in historic site preservation efforts.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal
          E-BPJ
          e-IPH Ltd.
          2398-4287
          November 01 2019
          December 31 2019
          : 4
          : 12
          : 43
          Article
          10.21834/e-bpj.v4i12.1944
          3f59fd23-51ef-48ed-b83a-2a00da17454d
          © 2019

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


          Psychology,Urban design & Planning,Urban studies,General behavioral science,Cultural studies

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