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      Regional Variation in β-Adrenoceptor-Mediated Relaxation of Canine Veins

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          Abstract

          Three types of vasorelaxants were used to test the responses of canine veins isolated from 13 different sites: isoproterenol, papaverine and nitroglycerin. Strips were preconstricted with methoxamine (5 × 10<sup>–6</sup>–10<sup>–5</sup> M), KC1 (50 mM) and PGF2<sub>α</sub> (1 µg/ml), and were relaxed by cumulative addition of relaxants. Isoproterenol caused more than 80% relaxation after preconstriction with methoxamine in cephalic, external jugular, azygos, renal, femoral, lateral saphenous veins and the supradiaphragmatic and infrarenal portions of the inferior vena cava, all of which are veins of the body wall. Pulmonary and splenic veins also showed marked relaxation with isoproterenol. However, maximal relaxation responses of portal, mesenteric veins and segment C of the inferior vena cava (a portion between liver and renal veins), which are embryologically related to the digestive tube, were less than 30%. Similar regional differences in the relaxation responses to isoproterenol were obtained after preconstriction with KC1 or PGF2<sub>α</sub>. Papaverine and nitroglycerin caused nearly uniform relaxation in all veins, although relaxations of segment C of the inferior vena cava were slightly less than those of other veins. These results indicated that there is a regional difference in the relaxation responses of the canine venous system to isoproterenol, and such a difference may be related to its embryogenesis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1986
          1986
          23 September 2008
          : 23
          : 4-5
          : 236-245
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
          Article
          158644 Blood Vessels 1986;23:236–245
          10.1159/000158644
          © 1986 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          Research Paper

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