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      Bioeconomy and green recovery in a post-COVID-19 era


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          The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic has generated a health crisis and repetitive lockdowns that disrupted different economic and societal segments. As the world has placed hope on the vaccination progress to bring back the socio-economic “normal,” this article explores how the bioeconomy can enhance the resilience and sustainability of bio-based, food, and energy systems in the post-COVID-19 era. The proposed recovery approach integrates technological innovations, environment, ecosystem services, “biocities,” food, rural economies, and tourism. The importance of integrating culture, arts, and the fashion industry as part of the recovery is underlined towards building a better bioeconomy that, together with environmental safeguards, promotes socio-cultural and economic innovations. This integration could be achieved supporting communities and stakeholders to diversify their activities by combining sustainable production with decarbonization, stimulating private investments in this direction and monitoring the resulting impact of mitigation measures. Food systems should become more resilient in order to allow adapting rapidly to severe crises and future shocks, while it is important to increase circularity towards the valorization of waste, the integration of different processes within the biorefinery concept and the production of bio-based products and biofuels.

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          Sci Total Environ
          Sci Total Environ
          The Science of the Total Environment
          Elsevier B.V.
          6 December 2021
          6 December 2021
          : 152180
          [a ]Research & Innovation Department, Galanakis Laboratories, Chania, Greece
          [b ]Food Waste Recovery Group, ISEKI Food Association, Vienna, Austria
          [c ]Università di Pisa, Pisa, Italy
          [d ]Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy
          [e ]Forest Research, Farnham, United Kingdom
          [f ]Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
          [g ]International Institute for Sustainability Analysis and Strategy (IINAS), Darmstadt, Germany
          Author notes
          [* ]Corresponding author at: Research & Innovation Department, Galanakis Laboratories, Chania, Greece.
          S0048-9697(21)07256-9 152180
          © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

          Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID-19. The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect, the company's public news and information website. Elsevier hereby grants permission to make all its COVID-19-related research that is available on the COVID-19 resource centre - including this research content - immediately available in PubMed Central and other publicly funded repositories, such as the WHO COVID database with rights for unrestricted research re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for free by Elsevier for as long as the COVID-19 resource centre remains active.

          : 7 October 2021
          : 11 November 2021
          : 30 November 2021

          General environmental science
          General environmental science
          sustainability, bio-based, bioenergy, food, resilience, covid-19


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