Objective To understand the association between bullying and anxiety symptoms of boarding middle school students, and to provide a scientific basis for preventing bullying and promoting mental health of boarding middle school students.
Methods By using stratified cluster random sampling method, 2 823 students were selected from 10 schools in Anyang, Henan Province. Questionnaire survey using self-designed bullying items and Mental Health Scale of Chinese Middle School Students was administered.
Results The overall prevalence of school bullying was 37.9%, with boarding school students (38.9%) being higher than non-boarding school students (37.1%). The anxiety symptom reporting rate of boarding students (42.9%) was higher than that of non-boarding students (27.3%). Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that, compared with non-boarding students, bully victim and bully perpetuator/victim students were more likely to have anxiety symptoms ( OR = 2.30, 6.04, 1.94, 4.23) ( P<0.05).
Conclusion There is a correlation between different roles of campus bullying and anxiety symptoms among boarding and non- boarding school students. Boarding school students have a higher risk of anxiety symptoms, especially among those with both experiences of bully perpetuator/victim.
【摘要】 目的 了解寄宿中学生校园欺凌与焦虑症状之间的关联, 为预防寄宿中学生欺凌及促进心理健康提供科学 依据。 方法 按照分层整群随机抽样的方法在安阳市抽取10所学校2 823名学生, 采用自编的《中小学生欺凌状况调查问 卷》和《中国中学生心理健康量表》中的焦虑相关维度进行问卷调查。 结果 中学生校园欺凌的报告率为37.9%, 其中寄 宿中学生的报告率(38.9%)高于非寄宿中学生(37.1%), 且寄宿中学生焦虑症状报告率(42.9%)高于非寄宿中学生 (27.3%)。二元Logistic回归分析显示, 无论寄宿还是非寄宿中学生, 与未参与者相比, 受欺凌者、欺凌-受欺凌者更容易产 生焦虑症状(寄宿生 OR值分别为2.30, 6.04, 非寄宿生 OR值分别为1.94, 4.23, Ր值均<0.05)。 结论 寄宿与非寄宿中学 生校园欺凌不同角色与焦虑症状间存在关联, 寄宿中学生的欺凌-受欺凌者产生焦虑症状的风险更高。