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      Classifiers can be for numerals <em>or</em> nouns: Two strategies for numeral modification

      1 , 2 , 3
      Glossa: a journal of general linguistics
      Open Library of the Humanities

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          Abstract

          This paper compares two families of theories for numeral classifiers drawing on fieldwork data from two languages, Ch’ol (Mayan, Mexico) and Shan (Kra-Dai, Myanmar). We discuss classifier-for-numeral theories and classifier-for-noun theories, which we argue make different predictions based on the syntactic position and semantic contribution of the classifier in each set of theories. We argue that Ch’ol is a classifier-for-numeral language and Shan is a classifier-for-noun language. This analysis attributes the distinction between classifier-for-numeral and classifier-for-noun languages to cross-linguistic variation in the strategies for numeral modification. The proposed diagnostics are based on the semantic role of the classifier in numeral modification and can be used to distinguish between the two types of numeral classifiers across other languages.

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          Reference to kinds across language

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            Deriving Greenberg's Universal 20 and Its Exceptions

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
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                Journal
                Glossa: a journal of general linguistics
                Open Library of the Humanities
                2397-1835
                January 14 2022
                November 9 2022
                : 7
                : 1
                Affiliations
                [1 ]University of Oklahoma
                [2 ]University of Rochester
                [3 ]McGill University
                Article
                10.16995/glossa.8437
                3fc93964-7f95-441e-9b99-9fd5088a47c5
                © 2022

                https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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