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Ser756 of β2 integrin controls Rap1 activity during inside-out activation of αMβ2.

Biochemical Journal

metabolism, rap1 GTP-Binding Proteins, pharmacology, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate, Talin, Sheep, chemistry, Serine, Mutation, drug effects, Macrophages, Macrophage-1 Antigen, Humans, Gene Expression Regulation, Erythrocytes, Cercopithecus aethiops, COS Cells, Antigens, CD18, Antibodies, Animals

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      During αMβ2-mediated phagocytosis, the small GTPase Rap1 activates the β2 integrin by binding to a region between residues 732 and 761. Using COS-7 cells transfected with αMβ2, we show that αMβ2 activation by the phorbol ester PMA involves Ser(756) of β2. This residue is critical for the local positioning of talin and biochemically interacts with Rap1. Using the CaM (calmodulin) antagonist W7, we found Rap1 recruitment and the inside-out activation of αMβ2 to be affected. We also report a role for CaMKII (calcium/CaM-dependent kinase II) in the activation of Rap1 during integrin activation. These results demonstrate a distinct physiological role for Ser(756) of β2 integrin, in conjunction with the actions of talin and Rap1, during αMβ2 activation in macrophages. © The Authors Journal compilation © 2011 Biochemical Society

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