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      Receptor, signal transduction and evolution of sweet, umami and bitter taste

      1 , 2 , , 1 , 2

      Marine Life Science & Technology

      Springer

      Bitter, Evolution, Signal transduction, Sweet, Taste, Umami

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          Abstract

          Like olfaction, the sense of taste allows the detection and discrimination of chemicals in the environment. However, while olfaction is specialized in the detection of volatile chemicals, taste is restricted to the detection of contact-chemicals. Two families of mammalian taste receptors, T1R and T2R, involved in recognition of sweet, umami (the taste of monosodium glutamate) and bitter stimuli have been identifi ed and characterized. Although much progress has been made in studies on the basic mechanisms of taste recognition and signal transduction in mammals, we are still far from a full understanding of diff erent taste qualities. This review presents a current perspective on sweet, bitter and umami taste receptors and their signal transduction mechanism. We also discuss the evolution of taste and taste-related molecules.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          MLST
          Marine Life Science & Technology
          Springer (China )
          2096-6490
          2662-1746
          01 February 2020
          25 November 2019
          : 2
          : 1
          : 5-15
          Affiliations
          1Department of Marine Biology, Institute of Evolution and Marine Biodiversity, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China
          2Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao 266003, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: Zhenhui Liu, E-mail: zhenhuiliu@ 123456ouc.edu.cn
          Article
          s42995-019-00010-5
          10.1007/s42995-019-00010-5
          © 2019 Ocean University of China
          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): https://www.springer.com/journal/42995
          Categories
          Review

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