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      Prolactin

      ,

      Hormone Research in Paediatrics

      S. Karger AG

      Prolactin, Physiology, Pharmacology

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          Abstract

          The role of neurotransmitters in the release of prolactin (PRL) is reviewed. Special attention is paid to dopamine (DA) as the possible prolactin-inhibiting factor (PIF). Among other agents, estrogens alone can act directly on the pituitary galactotropes without involving hypothalamic factors. Peripherally, in addition to its stimulatory action on mammary tissue, PRL exerts a permissive role on ovarian steroidogenesis. A possible physiological action of this hormone on the regulation of adrenal function remains uncertain. The secretory rhythms of PRL are described and the mechanisms involved are discussed. A number of drugs can modify the secreting pattern of PRL mainly by acting on the dopaminergic control mechanisms. The usefulness of such agents in the clinical evaluation of galactotrope cell function is reviewed.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1979
          1979
          25 November 2008
          : 10
          : 2-3
          : 143-174
          Affiliations
          Experimental Therapeutics Department, Clinical Research Division, Sandoz Ltd., Basel
          Article
          178998 Horm Res 1979;10:143–174
          10.1159/000178998
          374216
          © 1979 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 32
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