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      Cardiac myosin binding protein C phosphorylation is cardioprotective.

      Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

      Amino Acid Sequence, Amino Acid Substitution, Animals, Binding Sites, genetics, Carrier Proteins, chemistry, metabolism, Female, Male, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Mice, Transgenic, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutagenesis, Site-Directed, Myocardial Reperfusion Injury, pathology, prevention & control, Myocardium, Myosins, Phenotype, Phosphorylation, Recombinant Proteins, Sarcomeres

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          Cardiac myosin binding protein C (cMyBP-C) has three phosphorylatable serines at its N terminus (Ser-273, Ser-282, and Ser-302), and the residues' phosphorylation states may alter thick filament structure and function. To examine the effects of cMyBP-C phosphorylation, we generated transgenic mice with cardiac-specific expression of a cMyBP-C in which the three phosphorylation sites were mutated to aspartic acid, mimicking constitutive phosphorylation (cMyBP-C(AllP+)). The allele was bred into a cMyBP-C null background (cMyBP-C((t/t))) to ensure the absence of endogenous dephosphorylated cMyBP-C. cMyBP-C(AllP+) was incorporated normally into the cardiac sarcomere and restored normal cardiac function in the null background. However, subtle changes in sarcomere ultrastructure, characterized by increased distances between the thick filaments, indicated that phosphomimetic cMyBP-C affects thick-thin filament relationships, and yeast two-hybrid data and pull-down studies both showed that charged residues in these positions effectively prevented interaction with the myosin heavy chain. Confirming the physiological relevance of these data, the cMyBP-C(AllP+:(t/t)) hearts were resistant to ischemia-reperfusion injury. These data demonstrate that cMyBP-C phosphorylation functions in maintaining thick filament spacing and structure and can help protect the myocardium from ischemic injury.

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