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      User studies in cartography: opportunities for empirical research on interactive maps and visualizations

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          Most cited references 121

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          Visual attention: the past 25 years.

          This review focuses on covert attention and how it alters early vision. I explain why attention is considered a selective process, the constructs of covert attention, spatial endogenous and exogenous attention, and feature-based attention. I explain how in the last 25 years research on attention has characterized the effects of covert attention on spatial filters and how attention influences the selection of stimuli of interest. This review includes the effects of spatial attention on discriminability and appearance in tasks mediated by contrast sensitivity and spatial resolution; the effects of feature-based attention on basic visual processes, and a comparison of the effects of spatial and feature-based attention. The emphasis of this review is on psychophysical studies, but relevant electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies and models regarding how and where neuronal responses are modulated are also discussed. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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            How are visuospatial working memory, executive functioning, and spatial abilities related? A latent-variable analysis.

            This study examined the relationships among visuospatial working memory (WM) executive functioning, and spatial abilities. One hundred sixty-seven participants performed visuospatial short-term memory (STM) and WM span tasks, executive functioning tasks, and a set of paper-and-pencil tests of spatial abilities that load on 3 correlated but distinguishable factors (Spatial Visualization, Spatial Relations, and Perceptual Speed). Confirmatory factor analysis results indicated that, in the visuospatial domain, processing-and-storage WM tasks and storage-oriented STM tasks equally implicate executive functioning and are not clearly distinguishable. These results provide a contrast with existing evidence from the verbal domain and support the proposal that the visuospatial sketchpad may be closely tied to the central executive. Further, structural equation modeling results supported the prediction that, whereas they all implicate some degree of visuospatial storage, the 3 spatial ability factors differ in the degree of executive involvement (highest for Spatial Visualization and lowest for Perceptual Speed). Such results highlight the usefulness of a WM perspective in characterizing the nature of cognitive abilities and, more generally, human intelligence.
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              Distributed cognition: toward a new foundation for human-computer interaction research

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                International Journal of Cartography
                International Journal of Cartography
                Informa UK Limited
                2372-9333
                2372-9341
                May 24 2017
                October 30 2017
                May 24 2017
                October 30 2017
                : 3
                : sup1
                : 61-89
                Affiliations
                [1 ] UW Cartography Lab, Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA
                [2 ] Geographic Information Visualization and Analysis (GIVA) Unit, Department of Geography, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
                [3 ] Department of Geomatics, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil
                [4 ] Geospatial Computing Lab, Environmental Management Department, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
                [5 ] School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australia
                [6 ] Department of Real Estate, Planning and Geoinformatics, Aalto University, Aalto, Finland
                [7 ] School of Technology, Amazonas State University, Manaus, Brazil
                [8 ] Department of Geography, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
                [9 ] Geo-information Processing, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands
                Article
                10.1080/23729333.2017.1288534
                © 2017

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