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      Similar countries, similar factors? Studying the decline of heavy episodic drinking in adolescents in Finland, Norway and Sweden

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          Student Council, Volunteering, Basketball, or Marching Band: What Kind of Extracurricular Involvement Matters?

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            Total, Direct, and Indirect Effects in Logit and Probit Models

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              Clustering of risk behaviors with cigarette consumption: A population-based survey.

              This study assessed clustering of multiple risk behaviors (i.e., low leisure-time physical activity, low fruits/vegetables intake, and high alcohol consumption) with level of cigarette consumption. Data from the 2002 Swiss Health Survey, a population-based cross-sectional telephone survey assessing health and self-reported risk behaviors, were used. 18,005 subjects (8052 men and 9953 women) aged 25 years old or more participated. Smokers more frequently had low leisure time physical activity, low fruits/vegetables intake, and high alcohol consumption than non- and ex-smokers. Frequency of each risk behavior increased steadily with cigarette consumption. Clustering of risk behaviors increased with cigarette consumption in both men and women. For men, the odds ratios of multiple (> or =2) risk behaviors other than smoking, adjusted for age, nationality, and educational level, were 1.14 (95% confidence interval: 0.97, 1.33) for ex-smokers, 1.24 (0.93, 1.64) for light smokers (1-9 cigarettes/day), 1.72 (1.36, 2.17) for moderate smokers (10-19 cigarettes/day), and 3.07 (2.59, 3.64) for heavy smokers (> or =20 cigarettes/day) versus non-smokers. Similar odds ratios were found for women for corresponding groups, i.e., 1.01 (0.86, 1.19), 1.26 (1.00, 1.58), 1.62 (1.33, 1.98), and 2.75 (2.30, 3.29). Counseling and intervention with smokers should take into account the strong clustering of risk behaviors with level of cigarette consumption.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Addiction
                Addiction
                Wiley
                0965-2140
                1360-0443
                May 19 2020
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Finnish Institute for Health and WelfareAlcohol, Drugs and Addictions Unit Helsinki Finland
                [2 ]IFT Institut für Therapieforschung München Germany
                [3 ]Department for Public Health SciencesStockholm University Stockholm Sweden
                [4 ]ELTE Eötvös Loránd UniversityInstitute of Psychology Budapest Hungary
                [5 ]Department of Substance UseNorwegian Institute of Public Health Oslo Norway
                [6 ]Department of Social WorkStockholm University Stockholm Sweden
                [7 ]Department of Public Health SciencesStockholm University Stockholm Sweden
                [8 ]CAN (Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs) Stockholm Sweden
                [9 ]Department of Clinical NeuroscienceKarolinska Institutet Stockholm Sweden
                [10 ]School of Social Sciences, Unit of Social WorkSödertörn University Huddinge Sweden
                Article
                10.1111/add.15089
                © 2020

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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