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      Sense of belonging and social identity on the settlement intentions of rural-urban migrants: evidence from China Translated title: O efeito do senso e identidade social nas intenções de assentamento de migrantes rurais-urbanos: evidências da China

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          Abstract

          ABSTRACT: Drawing upon data from the China Labor-force Dynamics Survey (CLDS) of 2012 and 2014, this paper uses the panel binary choice model to examine the determinants of the settlement intentions of rural-urban migrants. Results showed that both a sense of belonging and social identity play important roles in determining rural-urban migrants’ settlement decisions. Besides these, wage, education, and health also affect the willingness of migrant workers to settle in a given area. Therefore, to promote urbanization, policy-makers should pay attention to the subjective demands of rural-urban migrants. We suggested that decision- and policy-makers help such migrants improve their social networks and eliminate identity discrimination, so as to encourage their willingness to settle in cities.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMO: Com base nos dados do Laboratório de Dinâmica da Força de Trabalho da China (CLDS) de 2012 e 2014, este artigo usa o modelo de escolha binária do painel para examinar os determinantes das intenções de assentamento de migrantes rurais-urbanos. Os resultados mostram que tanto o senso de pertencimento, quanto a identidade social, desempenham papéis importantes na determinação das decisões de assentamentos de migrantes rurais-urbanos. Além destes, salário, educação e saúde também afetam a disposição dos trabalhadores migrantes de se estabelecerem em uma determinada área. Portanto, a fim de promover a urbanização, os formuladores de políticas devem prestar atenção às demandas subjetivas dos migrantes rurais-urbanos. Sugerimos que autoridades e formuladores de políticas públicas ajudem esses migrantes a melhorar sua rede social e a eliminar a discriminação de identidade, de modo a incentivar sua disposição de se estabelecer nas cidades.

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          Most cited references40

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          A model for Labor Migration and Urban Unemployment in less developed countries

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            Leaving the Countryside: Rural-to-Urban Migration Decisions in China

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              Neighborhood context and residential mobility.

              This paper extends the search for neighborhood contextual effects to residential mobility. We propose that neighborhood consists of subjective and objective domains, both of which are crosscut by substantive (social/physical) and temporal (current/change) dimensions. Measures of neighborhood characteristics consistent with our conceptualization are used to estimate the impact of context on mobility thoughts and on actual mobility in a sample of Nashville residents. Although individual statuses such as age and tenure remain important antecedents of mobility, subjective features of neighborhood context also play a role--albeit limited and indirect--in the decision to move or to stay.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                cr
                Ciência Rural
                Cienc. Rural
                Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (Santa Maria, RS, Brazil )
                0103-8478
                1678-4596
                2019
                : 49
                : 8
                : e20190979
                Affiliations
                [3] Beijing orgnameUnited Nations Development Programme in China China
                [1] Nanjing orgnameNanjing Normal University orgdiv1School of Business China
                [2] Nanjing orgnameNanjing Normal University orgdiv1Honor College China
                [4] Nanjing Jiangsu orgnameNanjing Agricultural University orgdiv1College of Public Administration China
                Article
                S0103-84782019000800802
                10.1590/0103-8478cr20190979
                40f7e4fd-b2a1-44e4-ab0b-55b75906dad1

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 28 November 2018
                : 02 June 2019
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 42, Pages: 0
                Product

                SciELO Brazil

                Categories
                Rural Sociology

                senso de pertencer,identidade social,intenção de liquidação,migrantes rurais-urbanos,China,sense of belonging,social identity,settlement intention,rural-urban migrants

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