Objective This study aims at discussing the relationship between social anxiety and level of hope among left- behind children, the mediator role of perceived social support, and to provide objective reference for mental health education and positive psychological quality improvement.
Methods From September to October 2018, Social Anxiety Scale for Children, Hope Scale and Perceived Social Support Scale were administered among 797 rural left-behind children in Hunan Province of China. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to determine the relationship between variables. Regression analysis and structural equation modeling were used to assess whether perceived social support played a mediator role in social anxiety and hope of rural left-behind children.
Results Social anxiety (6.84±4.28) was negatively correlated with perceived social support (54.18±14.48) and hope (23.80±5.77) ( r = -0.23, -0.19, P<0.01). Perceived social support was positively correlated with hope ( r = 0.49, P<0.01). Perceived social support played a mediator role in the relationship between social anxiety and rural left-behind children’ s level of hope.
Conclusion This study has indicated the positive influence of perceived social support on the level of hope and buffering role on the adverse impact of social anxiety. More activities to improve social support for rural left-behind children need to be carried out during the process of education and mental health.
【摘要】目的 探讨社交焦虑与农村留守儿童希望水平的关系以及领悟社会支持的中介作用，为针对性开展农村留 守儿童心理健康教育及提升积极心理品质提供客观的借鉴与思路。 方法 2018年9一10月，采用儿童社交焦虑量表、希 望量表和领悟社会支持评估量表对797名湖南地区农村留守儿童进行调査。应用Pearson相关系数确定变量之间的关系， 应用多元线性回归分析和结构方程模型评估领悟社会支持是否在农村留守儿童社交焦虑与希望之间起中介作用。 结果 农村留守儿童社交焦虑[(6.84±4.28)分]与领悟社会支持[(54.18±14.48)分]及希望[(23.80±5.77)分]均呈负相关（r值 分别为-0.23，-0.19， P值均<0.01)，领悟社会支持与希望呈正相关( r = 0.49， P<0.01)。领悟社会支持在社交焦虑与儿童希 望水平之间起部分中介作用。 结论 领悟社会支持对农村留守儿童的希望水平产生积极影响，对社交焦虑产生负面影响 起到积极缓冲作用。建议在教育和心理健康的过程中可以多开展提升农村留守儿童的社会支持的活动#x3002;