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      VEGF-A/Notch-Induced Podosomes Proteolyse Basement Membrane Collagen-IV during Retinal Sprouting Angiogenesis.

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          Abstract

          During angiogenic sprouting, endothelial tip cells emerge from existing vessels in a process that requires vascular basement membrane degradation. Here, we show that F-actin/cortactin/P-Src-based matrix-degrading microdomains called podosomes contribute to this step. In vitro, VEGF-A/Notch signaling regulates the formation of functional podosomes in endothelial cells. Using a retinal neovascularization model, we demonstrate that tip cells assemble podosomes during physiological angiogenesis in vivo. In the retina, podosomes are also part of an interconnected network that surrounds large microvessels and impinges on the underlying basement membrane. Consistently, collagen-IV is scarce in podosome areas. Moreover, Notch inhibition exacerbates podosome formation and collagen-IV loss. We propose that the localized proteolytic action of podosomes on basement membrane collagen-IV facilitates endothelial cell sprouting and anastomosis within the developing vasculature. The identification of podosomes as key components of the sprouting machinery provides another opportunity to target angiogenesis therapeutically.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Cell Rep
          Cell reports
          Elsevier BV
          2211-1247
          Oct 04 2016
          : 17
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Departement Sciences du Vivant et de la Santé, Université de Bordeaux, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33000 Bordeaux, France; INSERM, U1045, 2 rue Robert Escarpit, 33000 Bordeaux, France.
          [2 ] Departement Sciences du Vivant et de la Santé, Université de Bordeaux, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33000 Bordeaux, France.
          [3 ] Walter-Brendel Center of Experimental Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Marchioninistrasse 27, 81377 Munich, Germany.
          [4 ] Walter-Brendel Center of Experimental Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Marchioninistrasse 27, 81377 Munich, Germany. Electronic address: eloi.montanez@med.uni-muenchen.de.
          [5 ] Departement Sciences du Vivant et de la Santé, Université de Bordeaux, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33000 Bordeaux, France; INSERM, U1045, 2 rue Robert Escarpit, 33000 Bordeaux, France. Electronic address: elisabeth.genot@inserm.fr.
          Article
          S2211-1247(16)31238-4
          10.1016/j.celrep.2016.09.016
          27705796
          4157edf4-0a54-4900-9671-76efdf5b1bc2
          History

          collagen-IV,basement membrane,angiogenesis,actin,VEGF-A,Notch/Dll4 signaling,tip cells,retina,podosomes,cytoskeleton

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