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      The Effect of Interleukin-6 on Pituitary Hormone Release in vivo and in vitro

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          Abstract

          Intravenously administered interleukin-6 (IL-6), a monokine produced by activated monocytes and folliculostellate cells of the pituitary gland, has been recently reported to elevate plasma ACTH level and to stimulate PRL, GH and LH release from cultured pituitary cells. To determine the site(s) of action of IL-6 in the control of pituitary hormone release, we injected human recombinant IL-6 into the third brain ventricle (3V) of freely moving, conscious male rats. Both 0.05 and 0.25 pmol doses of IL-6 were ineffective to change plasma ACTH in comparison to the values in controls. The maximal IL-6 dose tested of 1.25 pmol increased plasma ACTH within 15 min and the response lasted over 180 min. Plasma TSH levels were significantly lowered by a dose of 0.25 pmol IL-6, but neither the lower dose of 0.05 pmol nor the higher dose of 1.25 pmol altered plasma TSH levels throughout the 180 min of the experiment. Plasma PRL and GH levels were not changed by any IL-6 dose tested. In ovariectomized rats plasma LH and FSH levels were also unaltered by IL-6. The effects of IL-6 on plasma ACTH and TSH were only partially paralleled by increased rectal temperature which suggests that hypothalamic temperature regulating centers were independent of these actions. To evaluate a possible direct effect on the pituitary, IL-6 was incubated in vitro with hemipituitaries under an atmosphere of 95% O<sub>2</sub>/5% CO<sub>2</sub>. After 1 h of incubation IL-6 failed to cause any change in the secretion of pituitary hormones throughout a concentration range of 10<sup>–15</sup>–10<sup>–9</sup> M. Increased ACTH and GH secretion into the incubation medium was found only with 10<sup>–13</sup> M IL-6 after a 2-hour incubation, whereas there was no effect on PRL, TSH, LH and FSH release. The results support a possible role for IL-6 at both hypothalamic and/or pituitary levels to stimulate ACTH and GH and to decrease TSH release.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1991
          1991
          07 April 2008
          : 54
          : 3
          : 262-266
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology, Neuropeptide Division, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Tex., USA
          Article
          125884 Neuroendocrinology 1991;54:262–266
          10.1159/000125884
          1658674
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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