Drug craving is a dynamic neurocognitive emotional-motivational response to a wide
range of cues, from internal to external environments and from drug-related to stressful
or affective events. The subjective feeling of craving, as an appetitive or compulsive
state, could be considered a part of this multidimensional process, with modules in
different levels of consciousness and embodiment. The neural correspondence of this
dynamic and complex phenomenon may be productively investigated in relation to regional,
small-scale networks, large-scale networks, and brain states. Within cognitive neuroscience,
this approach has provided a long list of neural and cognitive targets for craving
modulations with different cognitive, electrical, or pharmacological interventions.
There are new opportunities to integrate different approaches for carving management
from environmental, behavioral, psychosocial, cognitive, and neural perspectives.
By using cognitive neuroscience models that treat drug craving as a dynamic and multidimensional
process, these approaches may yield more effective interventions for addiction medicine.