Two antisera against synthetic ACTH(1-24) developed in rabbit showed strikingly different affinities toward the ACTH molecule. Both antisera (A-6 and A-7) were highly specific for the COOH-terminal region of ACTH(1-24). Antisera A-6 recognized ACTH(1–39) poorly. Radioimmunoassays (RIAs) using these antisera permitted the rapid (≤ 18 h) quantitation of ACTH(1-24) (A-6) or ACTH(1-39) (A-7) at picogram levels. ACTH levels were determined on silicic acid extracts of rat and human plasma samples by the RIA specific for mid-region of ACTH(1-39) (A-7) and compared with that obtained by an ACTH(34–39) (C-terminal) RIA. In nearly all cases the C-terminal/mid-region ACTH ratios were less than 1.0, indicating that C-terminus of ACTH is more readily degraded by tissue or blood peptidases than are internal sequences. A solid-phase immunoadsorbent RIA specific for the extreme COOH-terminus of ACTH(1-24) was developed by coupling antiserum (A-6) to Sepharose 4B. This assay exhibited the same specificity as the soluble antiserum, yet tolerated relatively high concentrations of protein. Although the assay was suitable for rapid quantitation of ACTH(1-24), a decrease in sensitivity was observed in comparison to a conventional assay.