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      Prevalence of Antibodies against Hepatitis C Virus in a Dialysis Unit

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          Abstract

          Anti-HCV was tested in 77 uremic patients, 48 on hemodialysis (HD), 29 on CAPD, by immunoenzymatic 1st and 2nd generation assays (ELISA I, II) and 4-antigen (4-RIBA) immublotting. The investigation was extended to the staff (n = 29) and to HCV-positive patients’ families (n = 30). The prevalence using 2nd generation tests was double (21%) that in 1 st generation tests (11%). A greater incidence in the HD than in the CAPD group (23 vs. 17%) and a highly significative correlation to dialytic age were observed. No one among the sanitary personnel and only 2 family members were found HCV positive, suggesting a low infectivity via the parenteral inevident route. Extracorporeal circulation and particularly the exposure time to the treatment seem to be the main risk factors.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5621-7
          978-3-318-01691-8
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1992
          1992
          11 December 2008
          : 61
          : 3
          : 337-338
          Affiliations
          aDialysis and bImmunohematology Services, S. Antonio Abate Hospital, Gallarate, Italy
          Article
          186931 Nephron 1992;61:337–338
          10.1159/000186931
          1323784
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 2
          Categories
          A Special Issue on Virus Hepatitis and the Kidney

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Hepatitis C virus, Dialysis, Anti-HCV antibody

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