15
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Environmental Justice: The Economics of Race, Place, and Pollution

      1 , 2 , 3
      Journal of Economic Perspectives
      American Economic Association

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The grassroots movement that placed environmental justice issues on the national stage around 1980 was soon followed up by research documenting the correlation between pollution and race and poverty. This work has established inequitable exposure to nuisances as a stylized fact of social science. In this paper, we review the environmental justice literature, especially where it intersects with work by economists. First we consider the literature documenting evidence of disproportionate exposure. We particularly consider the implications of modeling choices about spatial relationships between polluters and residents, and about conditioning variables. Next, we evaluate the theory and evidence for four possible mechanisms that may lie behind the patterns seen: disproportionate siting on the firm side, “coming to the nuisance” on the household side, market-like coordination of the two, and discriminatory politics and/or enforcement. We argue that further research is needed to understand how much weight to give each mechanism. Finally, we discuss some policy options.

          Related collections

          Most cited references54

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Environmental Justice

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            The Impact of Air Pollution on Infant Mortality: Evidence from Geographic Variation in Pollution Shocks Induced by a Recession

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              From the Cradle to the Labor Market? The Effect of Birth Weight on Adult Outcomes

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Economic Perspectives
                Journal of Economic Perspectives
                American Economic Association
                0895-3309
                February 01 2019
                February 01 2019
                : 33
                : 1
                : 185-208
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Spencer Banzhaf is Professor of Economics, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia.
                [2 ] Lala Ma is Assistant Professor of Economics, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
                [3 ] Christopher Timmins is Professor of Economics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.
                Article
                10.1257/jep.33.1.185
                30707005
                41e974e2-cee5-4439-b174-3c454f2784ce
                © 2019
                History

                Comments

                Comment on this article