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      Effects of Furosemide Therapy on Free-Water Excretion in Uremic Patients

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          Abstract

          To assess the intrinsic effects of treatment with furosemide on free-water excretion in patients with chronic renal failure, two groups of patients with and without replacement of diuretic-induced salt losses have been studied. Furosemide therapy was administered for 1 week during constant sodium intake (100 mEq/day). In neither of the groups did furosemide cause hyponatremia, while it did decrease the urine to plasma osmolality ratio, an effect lasting even when the diuretic effect was exhausted. During water diuresis, furosemide decreased the fractional sodium reabsorption in diluting segments but not the absolute rate of the free-water generation (CH<sub>2</sub>O). Presumably the expected decrease of CH<sub>2</sub>O was masked by the increased distal delivery of tubular fluid mainly due to an additional effect of the diuretic on the proximal tubule. The hypotonicity of urine after furosemide treatment may be secondary to the dissipation of medullary hypertonicity, caused by furosemide, in the condition of decreased water permeability of the collecting duct due to uremic disease.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1988
          1988
          09 December 2008
          : 50
          : 4
          : 299-305
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Nephrology, Second Faculty of Medicine, University of Naples, and bFaculty of Medicine, University of Reggio Calabria, Catanzaro, Italy
          Article
          185192 Nephron 1988;50:299–305
          10.1159/000185192
          3237271
          © 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

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