Objective To explore the effect of improving these traits through art therapy group meetings as a form of psychological counseling, so as to promote mental wellness among this population.
Methods A total of 74 hearing-impaired students from grades 3 to 9 were surveyed with the Children’s Self-concept Scale (PHCSS) and Social Adaptability Scale. Eight art therapy group meetings, as a form of psychological counseling, were then held.
Results Self-consciousness among hearing-impaired students aged 10–12 and 13–16 years old was significantly lower than the national norm ( t = −6.51, −8.50, P<0.01). The social adaptability level of this group was very poor (2.89±8.26), and a significant positive correlation was found between self-awareness and social adaptability among hearing-impaired students. Further, self-awareness could predict the social adaptability of these students ( F = 9.04, P<0.05). After group psychological counseling intervention, there was significant increases in self-consciousness among students from grades 3 to 9, and significant increases were also found in the social adaptability of students in grades 3, 4, 5, 6 and 8 ( P<0.05).
Conclusion Self-awareness shows certain influence on the social adaptability level of hearing-impaired students, and group psychological counseling can promote social adaptability by improving self-awareness among this population.
【摘要】 目的 探究绘画团体心理辅导改善其自我意识, 进而提高社会适应能力水平的效果, 为进一步保障听力障碍学生的心理健康做参考。 方法 采用儿童自我意识量表 (PHCSS)和社会适应能力诊断量表对山东省某聋哑学校三到九年级74名听力障碍学生进行问卷调查, 根据自我意识设计主题绘画团体心理辅导, 以各年级为单位团体, 实施每周1次共8次的绘画团体心理辅导, 并在辅导结束1周后再次进行相同的问卷调查。 结果 10~12和13~16岁2个年龄阶段的听力障碍学生自我意识都低于其相应年龄段的全国常模水平( t值分别为 −6.51, −8.50, P值均<0.01);其社会适应能力得分为 (2.89±8.26)分, 处于很差水平;听力障碍学生自我意识和社会适应能力之间呈正相关, 自我意识能够预测听力障碍学生的社会适应能力水平( F = 9.04, P<0.05)。经过绘画团体心理辅导后, 三到九年级学生的自我意识水平高于辅导前;三、四、五、六、八年级听障学生的社会适应能力水平高于辅导前 ( P值均<0.05)。 结论 自我意识对听力障碍学生社会适应能力水平有一定影响, 绘画团体心理辅导在改善其自我意识的基础上能进一步影响社会适应能力水平。