We have demonstrated the presence of ACTH-potentiating factors in porcine thymus which contained neither biologically active nor radioimmunoassayable ACTH. The factors were acidic and heat stable in nature, and were present in heterogeneous forms having various molecular weight. Purification of the factors with small molecular weights was performed using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography following gel filtration and cation-exchange chromatography. A purified factor exerted dose-dependent ACTH-potentiating activity. Loss of the ACTH-potentiating activity of purified factors by treatment with carboxypeptidase Y indicated their peptidic nature. ACTH-potentiating activity was readily observable after preincubating the adrenal cells with the thymic extract. The enhancement of ACTH-induced steroidogenesis by the factors was observed in the presence of bacitracin at a concentration to prevent ACTH degradation. Therefore, the existence of potentiating mechanisms other than inhibition of ACTH proteolysis was indicated.