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      Revision of the genera Xanthogaleruca Laboissière, 1932 and Pyrrhalta Joannis, 1865 (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Galerucinae) of Taiwan, with type designation of Galerucella lineatipes Takei

      , 1 , 2

      ZooKeys

      Pensoft Publishers

      host plant, leaf beetles, new species, new synonym, nomenclature, taxonomy, Tricholochmaea

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          Abstract

          The taxonomic status of Pyrrhalta Joannis, 1865 and allied genera Tricholochmaea Laboissière, 1932 and Xanthogaleruca Laboissière, 1934 is discussed based on the study of Taiwanese species. Tentatively, Xanthogaleruca and Pyrrhalta are regarded as valid genera while Tricholochmaea is a synonym of Pyrrhalta . Fourteen species are recognized and redescribed, including P. gressitti Kimoto, 1969; P. taiwana Kimoto, 1969; P. viridipennis Kimoto, 1981; P. igai Kimoto, 1981; P. meifena Kimoto, 1976; P. maculata Gressitt & Kimoto, 1963; P. tsoui Bezděk & Lee, 2019; P. semifulva (Jacoby, 1885); P. discalis Gressitt & Kimoto, 1963; P. ishiharai Kimoto, 1994; P. shirozui Kimoto, 1969; P. kobayashii Kimoto, 1974; P. ohbayashii Kimoto, 1984; and P. takizawai Kimoto, 1996. Taiwanese populations identified as Xanthogaleruca aenescens (Fairmaire) were misidentified and those are described as a new species, X. yuae sp. nov. Xanthogaleruca aenescens is redescribed for comparison. Eight additional new species of Pyrrhalta are described: P. alishanensis sp. nov., P. houjayi sp. nov., P. formosanensis sp. nov., P. jungchani sp. nov., P. lui sp. nov., P. meihuai sp. nov., P. tahsiangi sp. nov., and P. wulaiensis sp. nov. Type specimens of Galerucella lineatipes Takei, 1916 were rediscovered and are designated as lectotype and paralectotype. Galerucella lineatipes is removed from synonymy with G. calmariensis (Linnaeus, 1767) and regarded as a senior synonym of P. humeralis (Chen, 1942), syn. nov. Most Pyrrhalta species can be classified into four species groups based on their morphological and genitalic similarity. host plants and other biological information are provided for almost all species.

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          Most cited references 97

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          A synopsis of the north American Galerucinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).

           JA Wilcox,  Wilcox,  J. WILCOX (1965)
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            Distinct species or colour polymorphism? Life history, morphology and sequence data separate two Pyrrhalta elm beetles.

             RE Nie,  HJ Xue,  Y. HUA (2012)
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              How many genera and species of Galerucinae s. str. do we know? Updated statistics ( Coleoptera , Chrysomelidae )

              Abstract Galerucinae s. str. is a rich group of leaf beetles. A new, up-to date checklist of Galerucinae genera in the world is provided, including the number of valid species of each genus. Genera and species were counted in literature published before the end of 2016. In summary, 7145 species (7132 recent, 13 fossils) and 192 subspecies from 543 genera (542 recent, 1 fossil) were quantified in Galerucinae s. str. In comparison with the previous catalogue of worldwide Galerucinae (Wilcox 1971–1973), an additional 91 valid genera, 1341 valid species (1337 recent, 4 fossils) and 38 subspecies have been published; 43 genera were synonymized, four genera were transferred into Alticini , two subgenera were elevated to genus rank, and one genus was downgraded to subgenus rank. The updated list of references to taxonomic publications on Galerucinae s. str. from the period 1971–2016 is provided.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: Writing - original draft
                Role: Writing - review and editing
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2021
                20 May 2021
                : 1039
                : 1-108
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Applied Zoology Division, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Taichung 413, Taiwan Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute Taichung Taiwan
                [2 ] Mendel University in Brno, Department of Zoology, Fisheries, Hydrobiology and Apiculture, Zemĕdĕlská 1, 613 00, Brno, Czech Republic Mendel University in Brno Brno Czech Republic
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Chi-Feng Lee ( chifeng@ 123456tari.gov.tw )

                Academic editor: Ron Beenen

                Article
                64740
                10.3897/zookeys.1039.64740
                8159918
                Chi-Feng Lee, Jan Bezděk

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Funding
                Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
                Categories
                Research Article
                Animalia
                Chrysomelidae
                Taxonomy
                Taiwan

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