ADHD is, for many people, a lifelong disease that requires chronic medication use. Stimulant therapy is often recommended as first-line treatment for ADHD. Adherence to stimulant treatment among patients diagnosed with ADHD is poor. Major regulatory agencies have recommended measurement of palatability for new tablet formulations. A new amphetamine extended-release tablet (AMPH ER TAB) for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was developed. The AMPH ER TAB has a bubblegum flavor and can be chewed or swallowed whole. In 2016, the FDA developed a draft guidance document on the topic of chewable drug tablet formulation palatability.
A palatability study of the AMPH ER TAB using the 2016 FDA guidance was conducted. Subjects were asked to assess the taste, aftertaste, and mouthfeel of the tablet formulation using a short questionnaire. Scores from the questionnaire were rated and presented.
The substudy assessed 35 subjects with a mean age of 38 (±11) years. Subjects were predominantly male, non-Hispanic, and White. Most subjects rated the oral sensation/mouth feel and taste of the tablet as positive (pleasant to very pleasant) (70.1% and 83.6%, respectively). Additionally, 86.6% of the subjects rated the strength of the taste as neutral (moderate taste) or positive (mild to no taste). Finally, 82.1% of all subjects rated the aftertaste as positive (pleasant to very pleasant) and 92.5% of subjects rated the strength of the aftertaste as neutral or positive (mild to no taste). The trends in evaluation scores for each question were similar regardless of whether the ER chewable tablet was administered under fasted or fed conditions.