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      A Comparative Study of Blood Pressure Control with Short In-Center versus Long Home Hemodialysis

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          We conducted a randomized crossover trial to establish, within patients, whether long-slow hemodialysis (HD) was associated with better blood pressure (BP) control than standard HD. Nine home HD patients, not on antihypertensive drugs, were dialyzed to the same eKt/V<sub>urea</sub> and target weights for 6–8 h (LD) at home and for 3.5–4.5 h (SD) in the dialysis center 3 times weekly in randomized sequence, with each phase lasting 8 weeks. Ambulatory BP, bioimpedance, neurohormones and autonomic function were measured in each phase. Pre- and postdialysis systolic, ambulatory systolic and diastolic BP were all higher with SD than with LD and intradialysis hypotension was more common. Weight, ECF volume and neurohormones did not differ between treatments. Muscle sympathetic activity was increased in both phases and cardiac sympathetic activity tended higher during SD. These findings suggest that additional factors to ECF volume may contribute to the superior BP control produced by long-slow HD.

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          Plasma adrenomedullin during acute changes in intravascular volume in hemodialysis patients.

          Adrenomedullin, is a potent vasorelaxant that is highly expressed in the adrenal medulla, kidney, heart and lung. Since there is indirect evidence that hypervolemia enhances the release of this peptide, we measured plasma adrenomedullin in 9 uremic patients on chronic dialysis treatment and in 10 healthy subjects matched for age and gender. Measurements were performed in baseline conditions, after isotonic fluid subtraction (by isolated ultrafiltration) and during a 70 degrees tilt. Tilt was performed in volume-depleted state, that is, after isolated ultrafiltration (UF). In the control experiment patients underwent sham UF (UF = 0) followed by a period of supine resting identical to the one they had spent in tilted position in the active experiment. Adrenomedullin was measured on pre-extracted plasma samples (Sep-Pak C-18 cartridges) by a specific RIA for human adrenomedullin 1-52. The average plasma adrenomedullin was 2.6 times higher (P < 0.01) in uremic patients (103 +/- 8 pg/ml) than in healthy subjects (39 +/- 7 pg/ml). After fluid subtraction (-2.6 +/- 0.2 liter) adrenomedullin fell to 79. +/- 8 pg/ml (P = 0.02) but remained well above the upper limit of the 95% CI in normal subjects (52 pg/ml). There was no relationship between adrenomedullin and ANF changes. In the control experiment sham UF did not modify plasma adrenomedullin. Tilt did not significantly change plasma adrenomedullin either in dialysis patients or healthy subjects. Plasma adrenomedullin is markedly raised in uremic patients on dialysis, which confirms that the kidney has a major role in the clearance of this peptide. However, the fall in plasma adrenomedullin after isolated UF indicates that the plasma concentration of this peptide is influenced by the body fluid volume status. Whether or not adrenomedullin participates in the counter-regulatory response to fluid subtraction in uremic patients remains to be explored by specific antagonists of this substance.
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            Blood Pressure Control and Hemodynamic Changes in Patients on Long Time Dialysis Treatment


              Author and article information

              Blood Purif
              Blood Purification
              S. Karger AG
              26 February 2001
              : 19
              : 3
              : 293-300
              Departments of aNephrology and bMedicine, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand
              46957 Blood Purif 2001;19:293–300
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

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              Figures: 4, Tables: 3, References: 25, Pages: 8
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