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      Predictors of mortality among multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients in central Ethiopia: a retrospective follow-up study

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          The burden of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) related to mortality in resource-poor countries remains high. This study aimed to estimate the incidence and predictors of death among MDR-TB patients in central Ethiopia. A retrospective follow-up study was conducted at three hospitals in the Amhara region on 451 patients receiving treatment for MDR-TB from September 2010 to January 2017. Data were collected from patient registration books, charts and computer databases. Data were fitted to a parametric frailty model and survival was expressed as an adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). The median follow-up time of participants was 20 months (interquartile range: 12, 22) and 46 (10.20%) of patients died during this period. The incidence rate of mortality was 7.42 (95% CI 5.56–9.91)/100 person-years. Older age (AHR = 1.04, 95% CI 1.01–1.08), inability to self-care (AHR = 13.71, 95% CI 5.46–34.40), co-morbidity (AHR = 5.74, 95% CI 2.19–15.08), low body mass index (AHR = 4.13, 95% CI 1.02–16.64), acute lung complications (AHR = 4.22, 95% CI 1.66–10.70) and lung consolidation at baseline (AHR = 5.27, 95% CI 1.06–26.18) were independent predictors of mortality. Most of the identified predictor factors of death in this study were considered to be avoidable if the TB programme had provided nutritional support for malnourished patients and ensured a close follow-up of the elderly, and patients with co-morbidities.

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          Most cited references 34

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          Treatment correlates of successful outcomes in pulmonary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: an individual patient data meta-analysis

          Treatment outcomes for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis remain poor. We aimed to estimate the association of treatment success and death with the use of individual drugs, and the optimal number and duration of treatment with those drugs in patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.
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            WHO's new end TB strategy.

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              Association of diabetes and tuberculosis: impact on treatment and post-treatment outcomes

              Objective To determine the clinical consequences of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods We conducted a prospective study of patients with TB in Southern Mexico. From 1995 to 2010, patients with acid-fast bacilli or Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum samples underwent epidemiological, clinical and microbiological evaluation. Annual follow-ups were performed to ascertain treatment outcome, recurrence, relapse and reinfection. Results The prevalence of DM among 1262 patients with pulmonary TB was 29.63% (n=374). Patients with DM and pulmonary TB had more severe clinical manifestations (cavities of any size on the chest x-ray, adjusted OR (aOR) 1.80, 95% CI 1.35 to 2.41), delayed sputum conversion (aOR 1.51, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.10), a higher probability of treatment failure (aOR 2.93, 95% CI 1.18 to 7.23), recurrence (adjusted HR (aHR) 1.76, 95% CI 1.11 to 2.79) and relapse (aHR 1.83, 95% CI 1.04 to 3.23). Most of the second episodes among patients with DM were caused by bacteria with the same genotype but, in 5/26 instances (19.23%), reinfection with a different strain occurred. Conclusions Given the growing epidemic of DM worldwide, it is necessary to add DM prevention and control strategies to TB control programmes and vice versa and to evaluate their effectiveness. The concurrence of both diseases potentially carries a risk of global spreading, with serious implications for TB control and the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.

                Author and article information

                Epidemiol Infect
                Epidemiol Infect
                Epidemiology and Infection
                Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, UK )
                15 October 2020
                : 148
                [1 ]Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar , Gondar, Ethiopia
                [2 ]Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar , Gondar, Ethiopia
                [3 ]Population Child Health Research Group, School of Women's & Children's Health, UNSW Sydney , Sydney, Australia
                [4 ]Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar , Gondar, Ethiopia
                [5 ]Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington , Seattle, Washington, USA
                Author notes
                Author for correspondence: Getahun Molla Kassa, E-mail: getahunm8@ 123456gmail.com
                © The Author(s) 2020

                This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 3, References: 40, Pages: 7
                Special Collection Question
                Post-Covid 19
                Original Paper

                Public health

                follow-up study, mortality, multidrug-resistance tuberculosis, predictors


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