Objective To analyze the mental health status of clinical medical standardized training graduate students (referred to as: graduate students).
Methods Through the online questionnaire, the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90), adult psychological stress scale, and occupational satisfaction were used to compare the first affiliated hospital of Bengbu Medical College from January 2018 to June 2019. 498 graduate students of the Department of Neurology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College and the Third People’ s Hospital of Bengbu City, and 420 medical non-regular graduate students conducted a survey on the status of psychological stress and statistical analysis of the results.
Results The psychological stress of graduate students (40.28 ± 10.43) was significantly higher than that of non-regular graduate students (36. 95 ± 5. 13) , and the psychological stress of male students(41.75±11.17) in medical disciplines was significantly higher than that of female students (38.81±9.43). The difference was statistically significant ( t = 2.44,3.16, P<0.05) ； There was no significant difference in the occupational satisfaction scores between the two groups ( t = 1.94, 1.27, P>0.05). The SCL-90 factor evaluation results of graduate students were significantly higher than those of non-regular graduate students. The scores of depression, anxiety and terror factor of male students in the graduate students were significantly higher than those of girls, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05).
Conclusion The mental health status of postgraduates in clinical medicine is generally poor, and the mental health of boys is worse than that of girls.
【摘要】目的 分析临床医学规范化培训研究生（以下简称“规培研究生”）的心理健康状况, 为制定相应对策及处 理措施提供依据。 方法 通过网络问卷方式, 分别采用症状自评量表 （SCL-90) 、成人心理压力量表、职业满意度量表, 对 2018 年 1 月至 2019 年 6 月在蚌埠医学院第一附属医院、蚌埠医学院第二附属医院、蚌埠市第三人民医院神经内科轮转的 498名规培研究生及 420 名医学非规培研究生进行心理压力现状调査。 结果 规培研究生的心理压力得分 [(40.28± 10.43)分] 髙于非规培研究生[(36.95±5.13)分], 且规培研究生中男生的心理压力[(41.75± 11.17)分]明显髙于女生 [(38.81±9.43)分], 差异均有统计学意义（ t 值分别为 2.44, 3.16, P 值均<0.05)。是否规培研究生、不同性别规培研究生的 职业满意度评分比较差异均无统计学意义（ t 值分别为 1.94, 1.27, P 值均>0.05)。规培研究生 SCL-90 因子得分明显髙于 非规培研究生, 且规培研究生中男生的抑郁、焦虑、恐怖因子的评分均髙于女生, 差异均有统计学意义（ P 值均<0.05)。 结论 临床医学规培研究生心理健康状况总体欠佳, 且男生较女生心理健康状况更差。