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      Influence of a large dam and importance of an undammed tributary on the reproductive ecology of the threatened fish matrinxã Brycon orthotaenia Günther, 1864 (Characiformes: Bryconidae) in southeastern Brazil


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          A total of 312 adults of matrinxã were captured bimonthly, between 2011-2012, in two sites of the rio São Francisco: immediately downstream of the Três Marias Dam (site 1) and in the confluence with the rio Abaeté (site 2). Specimens of Brycon orthotaenia from site 2 presented higher values of total length (32.24 ± 5.70 cm for females and 26.64 ± 3.79 cm for males) and body weight (506.66 ± 332.17 g for females and 267.36 ± 145.84 g for males), when compared with the site 1. In site 2 was registered the highest GSI means (9.97 ± 2.96 for females and 0.93 ± 0.52 for males), compared with the site 1 means. Reproduction period occurred from October to February. Unlike site 2, no spawned females or spent males were captured in site 1. Significant differences were found between females and males in site 2 (χ2 = 26.84, df = 1, P < 0.05). Physical-chemical parameters of the water presented higher values in site 2. The canonical correlation test indicated that the reproduction of males is less susceptible to environmental factors than that of females. These results show that B. orthotaenia finds favourable conditions to reproduction just in site 2.

          Translated abstract

          Um total de 312 adultos de matrinxã foram capturados bimestralmente entre 2011-2012, em dois pontos do rio São Francisco: imediatamente a jusante da barragem de Três Marias (ponto 1) e na confluência com o rio Abaeté (ponto 2). Exemplares de Brycon orthotaenia do ponto 2 apresentaram maiores valores de comprimento total (32,24 ± 5,70 cm para fêmeas e 26,64 ± 3,79 cm para machos) e peso corporal (506,66 ± 332,17 g para fêmeas e 267,36 ± 145,84 g para machos) quando comparado com peixes do ponto 1. No ponto 2, foi registrado as maiores médias de IGS (9,97 ± 2,96 para fêmeas e 0,93 ± 0,52 para machos) em comparação com o ponto 1. O período reprodutivo ocorreu de outubro a fevereiro. Ao contrário do ponto 2, fêmeas desovadas e machos espermiados não foram capturados no ponto 1. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre fêmeas e machos no ponto 2 (χ2 = 26,84, gl = 1, P < 0,05). Parâmetros físico-químicos da água apresentaram maiores valores no ponto 2. A análise de correlação canônica indicou que a reprodução de machos é menos susceptível a fatores ambientais do que de fêmeas. Estes resultados mostram que B. orthotaenia encontra condições favoráveis para a reprodução apenas no ponto 2.

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          Most cited references37

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          Ecological studies in tropical fish communities

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            Ecology of Teleost Fish

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              BioEstat – Aplicações estatísticas nas áreas das ciências bio-médicas


                Author and article information

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                Neotropical Ichthyology
                Neotrop. ichthyol.
                Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia (Maringá )
                June 2015
                : 13
                : 2
                : 317-324
                [1 ] Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Brazil
                [3 ] Companhia de Desenvolvimento dos Vales do São Francisco e do Parnaíba Brazil



                SciELO Brazil

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=1679-6225&lng=en

                Animal science & Zoology
                Conservation,Gonadosomatic index,Neotropical fish,Migratory fish,Reproduction


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