Aim: The purpose of this study was to optimize the operative and analytical methodologies to a more exact determination of intradialytic kinetics of the phosphates (P) tested in hemodialysis (HD) and in on-line hemodiafiltration with endogenous reinfusion (HFR – Hemo Filtrate Reinfusion). Methods: The mass balance measurements of urea and P were carried out in 18 clinically stable HD patients. The effective blood flow (Qb) was measured with a Transonic<sup>®</sup> monitor. The plasma was deproteinized with 10% trichloroacetic acid to prevent breakdown of the proteins and the consequent pseudohyperphosphatemia. Subsequently the supernatant containing the ultrafiltrable phosphates was made to react with a solution of ammonium molybdate for a spectrophotometric reading. Results: The mean urea mass transfer in HD was 16.9 g/session and in HFR 15.4 g/session. The mean P mass transfer in HD was 726 mg/session and in HFR 679 mg/session. Nevertheless, in HFR a significant difference was verified between the clearances of P, between the plasma water side (122.4 ± 30.8 ml/min) and the dialysate side (105.9 ± 19.4 ml/min). Conclusion: As far as the P mass transfer is concerned, the data obtained is able to be superimposed with that described in the literature during HD, while in HFR it is possible to hypothesize a high efficiency, thanks to an increased output of P in relation to the phenomenon of adsorption which, although is limited, contributes to the transfer of the total mass. Based on this study and re-examining the literature on P kinetics, there is space for methodological improvement both on the operating front with careful determination of the effective Qb, and on the chemical front overcoming the inaccuracy of automatic analyzers in determining the plasma P owing to possible overestimation of phosphatemia and poor sensitivity in measuring the lower levels of P present in the dialysate and/or ultrafiltrate.